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hated popery, and thoroughly despised fanaticism. The former, indeed, he considers as on the decline, and hastening' apace towards its total disolution * ; but of the great increase made by the latter, among us, in these days, he seems to have been more apprehensive; and perhaps, with too much reason.— Fanatics,' fays he, with a tone of the farca; ic not unusual with Dr. Jortin, are ng friends to reason and learning; and not without some kind of reason; first, because they have usually a slender portion of either: fecondly, because a man hath no occasion to spend his time and his pajns in the studious way, who hath an inward illumination to guide him to truth, and to make such labour unnecessary.'
Dr. Jortin appears, however, to have been peculiarly disgusted by a fect of enthusiais lately transplanted into this country, and which flourished among us for a few years.-- We have seen,' says our Authort, in this century a sytem of religion which, for obscenity and blasphemy, equals any thing that ftands upon record. I mean that of Zinzendorf, and his befotted followers. These men, among other deteitable tenets, maintain that the God and Father of all is not to be honoured, and that all religious worship must be directed only to Christ, and terminate in him, as in the supreme objeđt of adoration.' -To this charge of idolatry, however, some other denominations of christians are liable, though not in fo eminent a degree as the Moravians were; and even Jortin himself will not be thought entirely free from it, by those who hold that divine honours are to be paid to the SUPREME Being alone : See the Doctor's concellicns, oa this head, in p. 10. of the fame fermon, from which we have extracted the cenfure he has passed on Zinzendorf and his followers ; and in which le contends that, though 'God alone is to be worshipped and ferved, in opposition to all faite gods ;' yet, that he himself hath made the exception, with relation to his own Son:' in proof of which he cites one or two doubtful and much controverted pairages from the New Tetament:--but for farther particulars we refer to his sermon at large. Art. 34. The Agreement of Reason with sacred Revelation;
or, Short Essays and Reflections on fome primary Truths and disputed Poinţs of Faith: With some general and critical Remarks on the scriptural Writings; and Addrefies to Deifts and Ariass. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Birmingham printed; fold by Robinson, &c. in London,
The Author laments to see the friends of religion at variance, and aks if this must not give occasion to men of unsettled principles, to doubt of and deny the mole sacred truths ?' That there should be differences of opinion, on some points of religion, as well as other matters, we cannot think surprizing, because there are subjects on which we have not fufficient information to determine with certainty where the truth lies; but that the angry paflions of men should be awakened and indulged by these means is truly
These charges were delivered in the years 1765, 1767, 1968,
+ Vol. V. Sermon I.
lamentable, and disgraceful. In this respect we can bardly acquit this writer himself, whose zeal for what he thinks the truth, fometimes rather betrays a bitterness of spirit; while he catechizes, and dogmatizes, in regard to those who hold opinions different from his own. There are lome just and useful remarks in his pamphlet; and in the conclusion he-makes an apology for any appearances of top great asperity in his manner, &c. But, on the whole, we cannot rank this among the most important of our religious or controversial publications. Art. 35. A Discourse on the Confideration of our latter End:
Adapted to all Ranks and Circumstances of Life, with a View, to work upon the Morals, and regulate the Pursuits of Men in a diftipated Age, by an Impression of the most serious and interefting Truths. By the Reverend Robert Anthony Bromley, Morning Preacher at the Foundling Hospital, and Lecturer of St. John's, Hackney. 8vo. 5 5. bound. Wilkie, &c.
This volume contains plain and practical reflections on the subject mentioned above, under a variety of views. The Author wishes to apply the due consideration of our latter end to check the progrefs of vice and disipation, and to engage men to the true improvement of a short life, by a right employment of their time and faculties, and a careful attention to their proper duty in the world, With this intention he recommends the frequent and habitual thoughts of death and eternity: and leads his Readers to reflect on them, not merely for speculative purposes, but that they may ditentively regard and act upon those moral and useful considerations with which the subject copiously abounds. There is nothing remarkably striking in the Author's manner, but the topic is greatly so in itself, particularly under the different representations in which it is here fet before us; and happy will it be if in any inttances they are made use of to the important ends which are here proposed. Art. 36. Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. George Whitefield, M. A.
late Chaplain to the Countess of Huntingdon: In which every Circumitance worthy of Notice, both in his private and public Character, is recorded ; faithfully felected from his original Papers, Journals, and Letters. Illuitrated by a Variety of interesting and entertaining Anecdotes from the best Authorities. To which are added, a particular Account of his Death and Funeral; and Extracts from the Sermons which were preached on that Occasion, Compiled by the Rev. John Gillies, D. D. 8vo. 4s. Dilly. 1772. Dr. Gillies, in these memoirs, pays all possible respect to the memory of Mr. Whitefeld; whose character is here extolled, as that of the Great Apostle of the present age. He was, without doubt, a most extraordinary man; and we believe, very fincere in his ministry : as a proof of which, we have his own honest acknowledgement that he was frequently miled by that very spirit of enthutiaim to which, however, he was so much indebted for the astonishing success of his well-meant undertakings. • Alas! alas! (says he, in one of his letters, dated June 24, 1748) · in how many things have I judged and acted wrong! --Being fond of scripture language, I have often 7
used a file too'apoftolical, and at the same time I have been too bitter in my zeal: wild fire has been mixed with it, and I find that I frequently wrote and spoke in my own spirit, when I thought I was writing and speaking by the affiftance of the Spirit of God. I have likewife too much made inward impresions my rule of acting, and too foon and too explicitly published what had better been kept in longer, or told after my death. By these things I have hurt the blessed cause I would defend, and also stirred up needless opposition. This has humbled me much, and made me think of a saying of Mr. Henry's, '“ Joseph had more honesty than he had policy. or he would never have told his dreams." In this confession Mr. W. alludes to the revisal of his Journals, which he had then just finished ; and it is remarkable, that he wrote this honest acknowledgement almost a year before the appearance of that notable dete&ion of his mistakes, made by the acute Author of The Enthusiasm of the Methodists and Papisis compared. By the way, too, we may observe, that the
Writer of these Memoirs passes over that celebrated publication, and the con: troversy which ensued upon it, in total filence; except in a short note, wherein he mentions Mr. Wi's Remarks on the Enthufiasm, &c.' and applauds the candour of his concessions: an instance which, as Dr. Gillies jualy observes, is ' very uncommon in controversial writings." Art 37. A Letter to the R. R. the L. Bishop of Rocbefter, on his ! late Disposal of the Rectory of Stone. By Clericus Rofenfis. 8vo. - 6d. Baldwin. i Severely rebukes the bishop for having partially given the living, mentioned in the title-page, to a
Stripling, just released from the discipline of a college,' in prejudice to the better claims of men, who, though they have borne the heat and burden of the day, are yet farving on the scanty reward of their labours. We are truly forry when occafion is given for complaints of this nature, as not only the honour of our church, but the welfare of religion itself, must be greatly affected by such scandalous traff kings. And pity it is that the scheme mentioned by this Writer, which was, come years ago, proposed to Convocarion, did not take place, viz.
that the preferments of the several dicceses should go according to the feniority of the clergy in each.' Art. 38. A Defence of the Subfiription to the 39 Articles, as it is
required in the Univerfity of Oxford: Occasioned by a late Pamphlet, entitled, * Refie&tions on the Impropriety and Expediency of Lay Subjiription to the 39 Articles, in the University of Oxford. Svo. 6d. Rivington, &c.
The Author is a warnı stickler for the test, and treats the late proposal for a removal of this fumbling-block, as an infidel ajault;' which, in our opinion, is putuing a most uncharitable and unwarrantable conftruction on the laudable views of conscientious and public-spirited men : bụt such unworthy treatment will ever fall to the lot o! Reformers,
Art. 39. A Sermon preached at the Visitation of the Rev. Arch
deacon Cholwell, at Huntingdon, May 19, 1772. By Peter Peckard, A, M. Publihed by Desire of the Archdeacon, and many of the Clergy. 4to. 13. L. Davis. 1772.
So many Archdeacons have appeared in opposition to the Petitioning Clergy, and on the side of Subscription and Bigotry, that we rejoice to find one who is favourable to rational and scriptoral religion. Archdeacon Cholwell, by requesting the publication of this Sermon, hath given his fanction to the caufe of free enquiry, and done honour to his good sense and judgment. Mr. Peckard's is, indeed, an excellent discourse in support of religious reformation ; and what he hath advanced concerning the injury done to the Gospel, by the introduction of false philofophy, is peculiarly worthy of notice. Art. 40. Thoughts on the Dangers apprehended from Popery and
Se&taries, by abolishing Subscription to the 39 Articles; in a Letter to a friend. To which is added, a Letter first published in the General Evening Poit, under the Signature of Probus. 8vo. 6 d. Wilkie. 1772.
The candid Author of the publication before us, was, fome time ago, very nearly persuaded, that it was impracticable for the Church of England to fubfift, without requiring Subscription from its Ministers to some other Articles, besides these which follow, viz. " That Jesus Christ was the promised Melliah, the Son of God, and Saviour of the world, and that the Scripture is the Rule of Faith to Christians, and contains all things necessary to Salvation; and that they will teach the people nothing as such, but what they shall be persuaded may be proved by the Scripture.” But, on farther and frequent confideration of the subject, he is now greatly inclined to think, that while the present Forms of Government and of Worship are kept up in the Church of England, there would be no danger to it from having no other Articles, than such as those above-mentioned.
This is the point, therefore, which he hath undertaken to defend; and his reasonings, though short, appear to be judicious and fatisfactory. We could have wished, however, that he had entered into a more copious difcuffion of the difficulty, especially fo far as relates to the Papists; because that is a point which has been much infifted upon by the advocates for Subscription.
The Letter, figned Probus, gives a striking account of the hard. fhips to which a young man may be exposed, who is educated for the Ministry in the Church of England, and is afterward deterred from entering into it, by fcruples concerning the 39 Articles. Art. 41. A free and dispassionate Account of the late Application of
the Proteftant Diffenting Ministers to Parliament. In a Letter to : Friend. By Samuel Stennett, D. D. 8vo. 6d. Buckland.
We have here a very candid, clear, and sensible account of the object and grounds of the late application of the Dissenting Ministers to Parliament, together with a thort narrative of their proceedings. The Doctor seems principally to have in view the conduct of those few Diffenting Ministers who opposed fo laudable a design, or were neutral towards it; and what he advances in regard to such persons well deserves their serious attention, as it appears to be yery fenfible, liberal, and satisfactory,
S E R M Ó N. At the Parish Church of Kelvedon, at the Visitation of the Rev. Dr. Powell, June 2d, 1772. By Christopher Wyvil, LL. B. Rector of Black Notley, in Esex. 6d. Bladon.
CORRESPOND EN C E. N answer to Z. who says he has been agreeably entertained
lately informed that there is no such traveller, and that the work is an invention of the brain, &c.' We would here observe, that it is not the immediate province of the Reviewers to pry into the secret history of the works which come under their notice; and that if a writer thinks it proper to conceal his real under an assumed name, it might be deemed impertinence in them, should they attempt to pull off his makk. • We own, however, that we were not ourselves without some de. gree of suspicion that the name of Marshall, prefixed to the abovementioned publication, was, possibly, fiétitious; yet as the ground on which we had formed this surmise was but flight, we did not think it necessary, or even justifiable, to hint it to our Readers, in any manner that might affect the fale of the book. But, finding ourselves finĉe called upon, in the Letter before us, we have, to oblige our Correspondent, ventured to take a ftep beyond the limits of our province, and have made all the enquiry that is practicable in a matter of so much delicacy. The result is-'That the publither of the work in question, received the manuscript from a Gentleman, who appeared to act as the Author's friend ; and that the Gentleman informed the bookseller (Mr. Almon) that the Author was, at that time, abroad, on account of his health. We farther learn, that Mr. Marihall was then at Geneva; from whence Mr. Almon, in about a month after, received, per post, a receipt for the copy-money, in the same hand-writing with the copy itself. Our Informer likewise mentions the circumstance of Mr. Marshall's being a man of property; and that his estate lies at Budiwell, in Northamptonshire.
On the whole, therefore, we may reafonably conciode, that the Travels through Holland, Flanders, &c. are not, in the words of our Correspondent, an ' imposition on the public, in the same manner as those of Charles Thompson;' a work which, it is now well known, was compiled by an ingenious journeyman printer.
W. S. asures us (but does not say on what authority) that Mr. Whitefield was not privy to the fraudulent procedure of the bookfeller who imposed on the public, by re-printing one of Dr. Doddridge's Sermons in Mr. W.'s name to Charity inclines us to think; with W. S. that Mr. Whitefieid knew nothing of the matter; 254 otherwise, we should be at a lofs to account for his having never been known to have publicly disclaimed it.
• See Reviews for June and July, 1772.