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and the young couple were feized at midnight, and conveyed to different places of confinement. Endeavours were used by Mr. Furtado, uncle to Mr. Lara, for their enlargement, but in vain. Mr. Furtado then folicited and obtained the interpofition of the British court, which proved effectual.

The perfecuted pair now returned to England, but found themfelves expofed to fresh mortifications. Mr. X. ftill implacable, again flirred up the Rulers of the Synagogue (who had before been active in feconding his efforts to diftrefs them, while in France) and they were excommunicated, together with the other parties, mentioned in the title page.

On this inflexible procedure of Mr. X. and the overfeers, the prefent Letter is grounded; and the Writer expoftulates with them in the most fevere and farcaftic terms: reprefenting their conduct as void not only of humanity and juftice, but of common fenfe and prudence. The Letter is well written, and not unentertaining. Mr. X. makes a moft wretched figure in it. The gentlemen of the Synagogue, too, are brought in, to fill up a very contemptible group, as they are here drawn; but whether the pencil hath been altogether guided by the ftrict hand of justice, is rather to be fufpected, as the fpirited painter appears to be either a party concerned, or fome warm friend, who hath efpoufed the caufe of perfons whom he reprefents as having been moft injuriously treated.

Art. 24. Memoirs of the Life of Joshua Dudley; explaining, among other Particulars, the Motives of his pretended Discovery of the Perfons concerned in fetting Fire to the Dock-Yard at Portsmouth, in July 1770. Written by Himself. 8vo.. is. Bladon. 1772.

Dudley is juft fuch another Rogue as the late notorious Jonathan Britain; and like him, being in diftrefs, happened to pitch on the fame expedient to get himself extricated, viz. by impofing on the Government and the public, a pretended difcovery of the yet unknown cause of the late conflagration in Portfmouth Dock :-of which neither Britain nor Dudley, by their own fubfequent confeffions, knew any thing more than Jonathan Wild, or Jack Shepherd, who were hanged forty years ago.

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Art. 25. The Complete Horfeman; or, The Art of Riding made eafy Illuftrated by Rules drawn from Nature, and confirmed by Experience; with Directions to the Ladies to fit gracefully, and ride with Safety. By Charles Hughes, Profeffor of Horfemanship, at his Riding-School near Black-Friars-Bridge. 12mo. Newberry.

1.5.

Purloined, chiefly, from Thomfon's Rules for bad Horfemen*; with the addition of a few plates, reprefenting Mr. and Mrs. Hughes, mounted in their feveral attitudes, fo admirably contrived for breaking the necks of thofe who may be ambitious of imitating fuch Harlequin Horfemanship.

See Review, Vol. xxvii. p. 315. Thomfon's is an excellent little tract, and cannot fail of being very ufeful to those who are not well grounded in Horsemanship.

Art.

Art. 26. The Queen of Denmark's Account of the late Revolution, &c. Written while her Majefty was a Prisoner in the Castle of Cronenburg. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Wheble.

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A piece of authorship.

Art. 27. Letters of the Marchionefs de Pompadour; from 1746 to 1751. Izmo. 2 s. 6 d. fewed. Cadell, 1772.

We are affured in the previous advertisement, that these Letters are the genuine effufions of the fame original, Englished by the fame Editor, nay, printed by the fame printer, as thofe of the former pub. lication.'-Of the former publication we gave our Readers an account in the Review for January laft; to which we now refer, for our conjectures with regard to the authenticity of these Letters.

The Editor adds, that had he known earlier of this first part, the fecond would not have appeared before it; but finding it, when offered him, no lefs worthy his care, he imagines the public will find it no lefs worthy its perufal.-Nor can it (he adds) but be pleafing, in whatever order, to obferve Madam Pompadour's first fix years as brilliant as the following twelve, or that elevated genius of a piece from the beginning to the end of her reign.

Whatever literary merit the series of letters contained in the former publication may poffefs, we think, with our Editor, that the prefent correfpondence is by no means of inferior worth. It abounds with fenfible remarks, agreeable fallies of imagination, and notable anecdotes; and may (fo far as the Reader can confider it as genuine) contribute to give the public a very advantageous opinion of this celebrated Lady's mental abilities.

Art. 28. Obfervations on the Popery Laws.

8vo. 1 s. 6d.

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Murray. 1772.

In the days of Queen Anne there were weighty reasons for the enactment of the Popery Laws; but it is now a prevailing opinion that these reasons no longer fubfift; and that the legal feverity exercifed against Papifts ought, of confequence, to be remitted. When maxims of ftate do not require it, it is afked, Why should we perfe cute a great body of men? And it is maintained, that it would be a wifer train of policy to gain them over to the ftate by moderation; that the low condition of the Irish is almost folely to be afcribed to the destructive difabilities which opprefs its Popish inhabitants; that it is impoffible to think of this circumftance without cenfuring the remiffness and inattention of our minifters and statesmen; and that if our rulers are difpofed to pay little refpect to the natural rights of men, or to juftice, they fhould yet be guided by the rules of good policy. Admitting the truth of thefe affumptions, which we cannot undertake to refute, we thall only add, that according to the reprefentation of facts contained in this publication, it feems apparent that the abolition of the Popery Laws, while it might conciliate to government the affections of the Roman Catholics, would give industry, wealth, and population to Ireland. The tract is written with great judgment, and with much force of expression.

Which, we think, we have feen advertised as the third volume.

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Art. 29. Fumifugium; or, The Inconveniencies of the Air and Smoke of London diffipated, &c. 4to. 3 s. 6d. White.

1772.

Mr. Evelyn, a gentleman well known in the philofophical and literary world, is the Author of this work, which was firit publifhed in 1661; and to the hints contained in it, we are perhaps obliged, in a confiderable degree, for the many improvements which have been gradually making in our metropolis, from the days of Charles II. to thofe of George III.

Art. 30. The Hiftory and Antiquities of Rochester and its Environs : To which is added, a Defcription of the Towns, Villages, Gentlemens Seats, &c. fituated on or near the Road from London to Margate, Deal, and Dover. Embellished with Copper-Plates. 12mo. 3 s. 6d. Crowder, &c. 1772.

From a curfory inspection of this Compilement, it appears to be executed with judgment, and even with a degree of tatte,-which is not ufually feen in books of this kind. It really seems to be an entertaining performance.-In a prefatory advertisement, the Author acknowledges his great obligations to Thorpe's Regiftrum Roffense, a large and curious work, in folio, published a few years ago. He alfo expreffes his gratitude to the Rev. Mr. Auften of Rochester; and to other ingenious and learned contributors, whofe names he found himself not at liberty to mention.

Art. 31. The Theatrical Review; or, New Companion to the Playhoufe Containing a Critical and Hiftorical Account of every Tragedy, Comedy, Opera, Farce, &c. exhibited at the Theatres during the last feafon. With Remarks on the Actors who performed the principal Characters. Interfperfed with occa fional Reflections on Dramatic Poetry in general; the Characters of the best English Dramatic Authors; and Obfervations on the Conduct of the Managers. By a Society of Gentlemen, independent of Managerial Influence. 12mo. 2 Vols. 6s. Crowder, &c. 1772.

Thefe Theatrical Criticisms have already appeated, in detail, in the Public Ledger; and, collectively, in this republication, may be recommended to the generality of thofe who are fond of dramatic amufements, as an agreeable and entertaining book.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.

Art.

32. Letters of Mr. the Abbot of ***, Ex. Profeffor of the Hebrew Language in the University of, to Mr. Kennicott, of the Royal Society in London, and Member of the College of Exeter in the University of Oxford. Tranflated from the French. 12mo. 29. 6 d. fewed. Paris printed; fold by Johnfon, in Church-Row, London. 1772.

This fevere attack upon Dr. Kennicott is not recommended by the care and accuracy either of the translator or the printer: what degree of truth and weight there may be in the arguments which are offered by the doctor's antagonist, has been already intimated in the

The Tranflator, indeed, appears from the ungrammatical imperfection of his English to be a Foreigner.

Rev. Sept. 1772*

538

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52d Article of our Catalogue for April. Certain it is, that a work of the kind in which Dr. Kennicott is engaged may be objected to and cavilled at without great difficulty: It is alfo certain, that all poffible precaution and diligence are requifite in him and his fellowTabourers, not only from a regard to their own reputation, but on account of the great importance of the undertaking.

Should the Doctor be difpleafed by this attack, our Author tells us, it would give him much concern: However, it is added, he has a remedy at hand; namely, that of anfwering me, and refolving the trifling difficulties F propole to him. I defire him for his own interelt's fake, to do me that honour. There is nothing more wanting to his glory, than to force a French hebrewift to be filent; and I will furely be fo, if, as I doubt not, he alledges to me fuch folid reafons as thofe he has made ufe of to deftroy the English Hebrewift.It must be known that Dr. Kennicott has reduced his antagonists to filence, by the fole weight of his authority, giving no other reason and anfwer, than that his time appertains to the public."

This Writer objects to the infufficiency of the greatest part of the manufcripts employed in the Doctor's collation, because he thinks it not unlikely that before the invention of the prefs there were in Europe a fmaller number of manufcripts than there are at prefent; but when it was found that they were every where fought for in order to compare them with the printed copy, then, he adds, As foon as it was known that fome advantage could be got from it, millions of them appeared; and as they have had the art of dreffing and beautyfying them in the garb of a decrepid old age, they have been regarded with the moft fingular veneration, and the curious have paid for them at the weight of gold. This was what the copyift aimed at.'

It is farther objected by this anonymous abbot of-three flars, that the collation, fo much recommended, is in great meafure afelefs, fince it is acknowledged that the errors fuppofed to be in the text are found in places that are not immediately requifite to the faith and practice of mankind; the tenets and morals, fays he, being irrevocably eftablished, nothing looks fo awkward as to come and fatigue the mind of a chriflian, to let him know, that in fuch word that has no connection at all with his faith, nor the bufinefs of his falvation, there is a letter omitted, added or tranfpofed.' But it should be obferved, that the work here brought under examination, may be of great ufe to clear up the fenfe and meaning of feveral obfcure paffages, which, though they do not immediately relate to faith or practice, may nevertheless have real and confiderable importance.

This Author, whoever he is, has himself collected feveral vari. ations, and here prefents them to the Reader, with a view of fhewing of how little fignificance they are: befides this, he charges Dr. Kennicott's work with being fuperficial: He calls him to account concerning the perfons employed in his collation, fome of whom he defcribes as not very likely to be qualified for fuch a bufinefs: He alfo enquires after the fubfcriptions, concerning which he obferves,

Methinks you should be fatisfied of the lift you affect to offer to the public at the end of each of the ftates of your collation, much more as I prefume, there would be a great deal to abate, were you to give the fate of the expences, you declare with fo much noife, for the

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employing of learned men. However don't charge in your account the deceafed M. L'Advocat, for neither he, nor the young men he employed for your fake, did ever receive any emolument for their trouble.'

Thefe are heavy cenfures: and it may be asked how this foreigner came to be fo well acquainted with fome circumstances which he mentions: It may be fufpected that there is envy or refentment in the cafe, or fome other fecret and unjustifiable motive which produces all thefe invectives: Be that as it may; Is it not impoffible but Dr. Kennicott may be able to avail himself of fome of the hints, however unkindly intended, which are thrown out in this invective performance?

Art. 33. Sermons on different Subjects.

By the late Rev. John Jortin, D. D. Archdeacon of London, Rector of St. Dunstan in the Eaft, and Vicar of Kenfington. 8vo. Vols. 5, 6, and 7. 15 s. bound. White. 1772.

Of the four preceding volumes of Dr. Jortin's pofthumous fermons, we gave our Readers an account, with proper fpecimens, in the Review for May, 1771. That article, together with the celebrity of the learned Author's name and character, will be deemed fufficient to fuperfede the neceffity of a very particular or copious account of the prefent additional publication.

To the fermons here given to the public, are added, a tract on the doctrine of a future state, as it may be collected from the Old Teftament; and four charges to the clergy of the archdeaconry of London. In the first of these pieces, Dr. Jortin endeavours, with fuccefs answerable to his confiderable fhare of learning, and critical acumen, to evince that The doctrine of a future state of retribution feems not to be promulgated in the Old Testament, nor made a fanction of the Mofaic law, nor taught directly and fully; but that it is implied and fuppofed throughout, and may be proved by inferences justly drawn and ftrictly conclufive. And hence, fays he,

it came to pafs, that the Jews were divided into the fects of the Pharifees and Sadducees. The former admitted the doctrine of a future ftate, as deducible from many paffages in the facred Books; the Sadducees rejected it, because they could not find any texts that abfolutely required a belief of it.' But, the Doctor adds, in the golpel it is fo plainly affirmed, that chriftians, divided in other points, have agreed in expecting another life.'-This is a fubject equally curious and important; and is treated in fo fatisfactory a manner, that we cannot but recommend the Doctor's performance to the serious attention of those who may have embraced the Manichean principles, or have adopted the fentiments of fome modern freethinkers, in relation to the Jewish fytem.

The continued fubject of the Doctor's four charges to the clergy of the archdeaconry of London, are, The use and importance of Ecclefi aftical Hiftory; in which we find curious remarks on the origin and progrefs of popery, and on the origin and progrefs of the refor mation.-Dr. Jortin was, on the whole, a man of liberal fentiments; but then, as he was alfo a zealous proteftant, and a fincere advocate for the right ufe and cultivation of our reafoning faculties,-fo he mortally

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