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Rochdale. XII. Experiments on various Points of Husbandry, &c. By several Gentlemen. XIII. On a cheap and expeditious Method of draining Land: By T. Bayley, Esq; of Hope, near Manchester,
Dr. Hunter farther acquaints the public, that when he first engaged in this work, his chief view was to obtain an agrecable relaxation from severer studies. As he advanced, however, • in the execution, he found his single labours unequal to the extensive plan that he had formed ;' which circumstance • suggested the idea of foliciting the assistance of his learned and ingenious friends :' and, he adds, my wishes have been liberally gratified." - The Editor concludes his prefatory advertisement to the fourth volume with a grateful acknowledgement of his infinite satisfaction in the favourable reception' which the public hath given to these Essays: and we may safely venture to add, that the work is, indeed, worthy of all the encouragement which it hath met with. Art. 13. The Advantages and Disadvantages of inclosing IVasle Lands
and Open Fields, impartially stated and considered. 12mo. 1 s. 6 d. Almon. 1772.
We have here a number of curious estimates and computations, accompanied with suitable deductions, and dispassionate arguments ; all tending to evince the great utility, both to the landholder in particular and to the public in general, of those inclosures of waste lands, against which so much popular clamour has been raised. He answers the common objections to such inclosures ; and, on the whole, he ventures to assert, that by the system of inclosing, the land-owner will increase the value of his lands, the farmer his profits, labour will be at least as plentiful, and provisions much more so; that taking them into consideration, in a national light, we have nothing to fear from even a general inclosure bill, were such a thing practicable, as it neither tends to depopulate nor ftarve us.'
As to comm«n-fields, the Author grants, however, very readily, that they • are of more use to the state, either considered as supplying work, or providing victuals, than the same inclosed.'-In a word, he treats the subject with so much candour, as well as judgment, that we cannot, in justice to the Writer, or to the public, withhold our hearty commendation of this small but sensible and useful tract.
POLITICA L. Art. 14. Letters on certain Proceedings in Parliament, during the
Sessions of the Years 1769 and 1770. Written by John Hope, Esq; late Representative for the County of Linlithgow. 8vo. I s. 6 d. Almon. 1772.
It appears from these Letters, that the Writer, notwithstanding the impending terrors of a petition againit his election, conscientiously voted against the ministry, in the memorable affair of Wilkes's expulsion, after he was returned member for Middlesex. On this unpardonable mistake (as fatal as that of Sir Francis Wronghead in the play) it is no wonder that the petition went against him, and that he lost his seat ; and with it too, the countenance of his patron Lord Hopetoun : together with an annuity granted him by the Earl, of 2001. per ann. towards defraying his expences, during the time of his remaining in parliament. As to the importance of the contents
of 2 s.
of these Letters, with respect to the public, we have nothing to offer in their commendation. The Writer's integrity, however, certainly deserves applause, whatever may be thought of his politics, or his policy. Art. 15. Report of the Lords Commissioners of Trade and Planta
tions, on the Petition of the Hon. Thomas Walpole, Benjamin Franklin, John Sargent, and Samuel Wharton, Esjuires, and their Affociates, for a Grant of Lands on the River Ohio, in North America, for the Purpose of erecting a new Government. With Observations and Remarks. 8vo.
Almon. 1772. The scheme for establishing a colony on the Ohio, is an object of great importance, and has, accordingly, been long under conlideration at the Board of Trade, where it has met with much opposition. Lord Hillsborough, who lately presided over the American department, was no friend to it; though, if we are not misinformed, it was first suggested by himself: and it has been said, that his Lordihip quitted his post in disgult, on finding that Government was inclined to adopt the measure, contrary to his opinion :-but the truth of this anecdote is beit known to those who are within the cabinet.-It is now, however, generally believed that the delign will speedily be carried into execution.
Those who are desirous of learning the particulars of this intended undertaking, will find a thorough and complete investigation of thein in the present tract; they will see what were the objections started at the Board of Trade ; and they will be farther enabled to judge of the propriety of the design, from the observations on, and answers to, their Lordship’s report :-which answers (as far as we are qualified to pronounce) appear to be irrefragable, and to have fully evinced the expediency, practicability, and rectitude of the intended eitablishment.
NOV E L s. Art. 16. The Life and extraordinary Adventures, the Perils and cri.
tical Escapes of Timothy Ginnadrake, that Child of chequer's Fortune.
3 Vols. 9 s. Bath printed, for the Author; and sold by Dodfley, &c. in London.
Timothy Ginnadrake, the hero of this tale, gives as the important history of a mufician belonging to the band of public performers at Bath. His adventures (moit of which seem to have had their foundation in fa&t) are chiefly of the humourous caft. Some of them are laughable enough ; though all are rather of low degree. They may serve to set the alehouse tables in a roar, but will hardly contribute much to the entertainment of better company.
POETICA L. Art. 17. Fables Moral and Sentimental. In familiar Verse.
By W. Russell. Small Octavo. 35. Plexney, &c. 1772.
Although these are not the most elegant compositions of the kind, there is a propriety of sentiment in many of the Fables, and an ease of versification in molt of them, that will not fail to raise them above contempt. The Author should, however, have paid more attention to his Rhimes ; fome of which are so very defective, that they may justly bring the correctness of his ear into question.-But
we are induced to examine his work with the less rigor, as he appears to be one of those few, modeft writers, who do not over-rate their qwn merit. Art. 18. A Review of the Poem entitled “ The Senators ;” or,
A Re-examination into the Merits of the principal Performers of St. Stephen's ChapelPart. II, *
4to. 1 s. 6 d. Wilkie. .“ About it, Goddess ! and about it!"
EAST-INDIE S. Art. 19. Thoughts on the Affairs of Bengal. By Archibald Keir, Esq. 8vo, I s, 6d. Wilson.
1772. Mr. Keir, who has long resided in the East-Indies, here points out what, to him, appear to have been the principal causes of the evils and grievances so much, of late, complained of, in respect to the management of the Company's affairs in Bengal; with the methods by which he thinks they are most likely to be redressed. The Author is a bad writer; but for this defect he modestly apologizes : observo ing, also,' that the productions which have the most of plain truth and common sense in them, though in the fimplest apparel, are of. ten more pleasing to mankind in general, than those which are far more elegant.'- This may, in some instances, be unquestionably true ; but our Author's plea will by no means excuse him from some degree of censure, for omitting to procure the affiftance of a literary friend, who could have corrected his vulgar phrases, and cleared his performance of those Scottish idioms, which are always disguftful to English readers.
MA TнE м А тiс ѕ. Art. 20. Papers, Letters, and Calculations, relative to the Laudable
Society for the Benefit of Widows. Printed at the Recommendation of a General Meeting of the Society, held April 6, 1772. Printed by M. Harrison, opposite Stationers-Hall, Ludgate-Street. 8vo. 1772.
The calculations of Mr. Harris and Mr. Horsfall, contained in this collection, are of such general utility, that we cannot forbear recommending them to the public attention. They were primarily intended for the reformation of the Laudable Society, and deserve the careful and candid examination of every member capable of difquisitions of this nature. The conclusions they have drawn from the most unquestionable principles, however different from those on which this Society was first established, demand the approbation of every individual concerned in it; and we hope to find an unanimous concurrence in all the members to rectify errors which the ablest calcula-, tors have so clearly evinced, and to relinquish claims which have no foundation. These principles and conclusions may be very easily and usefully applied to the Benefit Societies of the same kind which have been already instituted: and in this view we recommend them to their notice.
N. B. This collection contains an excellent letter of Dr. Price's, together with some additional remarks on the same subject.
. For the first part, see our left month's Catalogue.
Misc E L L A NE O v s. Art. 21. Minutes and Proceedings of a Court-Martial held on John
Crookfhanks, Esq. formerly Captain of his Majesty's Ship the Lark. Now first published by Robert Kirke, Judge-Advocate of the said Court. Martial. 8vo. 2 s. 6 d. Bladon.
1772. Capcain Crookfhanks, formerly commander of the Lark Man of war, of 40 guns, was tried, in 1747-8, for a faux pas, fimilar * to that of the unfortunate Byng, and was cashiered, but not facrificed, as Byng was, to the offended honour of his country.
In 1759, Capt. Crookfhanks published a state † of his conduct, and care, in order to set forth the hardships of his situation, and co prove that he was too feverely, and even cruelly treated by the court-martial. In that publication he also particularly impeached the conduct of Mr. Kirke, the Judge Advocate, whom he accused of gross partiality, and of acting in a manner notoriously to his (the Captain's) prejudice.
Hence we are not to wonder if we find that enmity took her ftation in the breast of Capt. Crookshanks; from whence, it is said, The has not failed to dart her fting at Mr. Kirke, as opportunity for annoying him hath offered.
To an effort of this kind it is that the present publication owes its existence. It may be thought an extraordinary circumstance, that the trial and condemnation of Capt. Crookshanks should now again be laid before the public, after the lapse of 24 years fince the time when the said trial happened; but the Reader will easily account for it, when he is told that the Captain was induced to interfere in the late proceedings, in the Ecclefiaftical Court, between Sir George Warren and his Lady, wherein Mr. Kirke acted as agent for Sir George ; and that this interference is supposed to have been with no other view than to furnish Lady Warren with matter for an impeachment of Mr. Kirke's character. Accordingly, on the trength of the Captain's information, the 35th article of Lady Warren's libel against her husband, contains a most severe attack on Mr. K. representing him as an infamous person, who would undertake any bad work or bufiness for gain, &c. &c.
On the ground of this provocation, Mr. K. has entered the lifts against Capt. C. in order to do ample justice both to his own cha. racter, and, by way of retaliation, to that of the noble Captain also. Accordingly, he has added to his minutes of the Captain's trial, &c. the deposition of Mr. Crookthanks to the 36th article of Lady Warren's libel, and his cross examination upon it; together with his (Mr. K.’s) remarks on the whole : at the same time declaring, in his concluding paragraph, that he did not engage in this undertaking from any pleasure which the execution of it could afford him; but that he was prompted to it, not only by the necesity every honeft man finds himself under of clearing, when he can, a character unjustly aspersed; but likewise, in order to expose the futility
• Viz, not affifting Capt. Erskine, of the Warwick, in an engage. ment with the Gloriofo, a Spanish man of war. + See Review, Vol. xx. p. 87, also The Reply, p. 604.
and weakness of the evidence produced in support of the complaints exhibited again the gentleman who had confolted Mr. Kirke, with regard to the management of his cause. Art. 22. A Letter from John Crocksbanks to Mr. Robert Kirke,
of Castle-Yard, Holborn; occafioned by his late publication of -,, the Minutes,. &c. (See the preceding Article.) 8vo. 6 d.
Mr. Crook danks' letter is chiefly apologetical. He thanks (perhaps somewhat ironically) Mr. K. for having, by his publication of the minutes, &c given him (the Captain) an opportunity of printing, in this letter, fome letters and anecdotes, in favour of his own conduct and character, which, otherwise, he says, could not 'without vanity' have been communicated to the public. These particulars, however, have very little, if any, immediate relation to the main subject of the present debate between him and Mr. K. viz, the part taken by the Captain, in the process of Sir George and Lady Warren. He slightly mentions=this matter in little more than a hngle page ; refracting nothing that he had said to the prejudice of Mr. K.;s character; but declaring, however, that he did not officiously seek an opportunity of meddling with Mr. K. or his affairs; that he had undelignedly, and by mere accident, spoken his sentiments of an attempt to force Lady Warren into an hired coach, in which rude procedure* Mr. K. was said to be concerned ; and that hereupon, the parties interelled for Lady Warren infifted, under the penalty of a subpæna, that he should answer what interrogatories they should think proper to offer to him, concerning Mr. K.'-A refúfal, he adds, was not in his power. Art. 23. A Letter to the Overseers of the Portuguese Jewish Syna
gogue, in Bevis Marks, London, on their extraordinary Conduat in
the Dispute between Mr. Ximencs and Mr. Joshua Lafa ; with a "as full Explanation of the Affair, and an Enquiry into the Propriety
of their pafting Sentence of Excommunication againk Mr. and
is briefly, as follows:
Mr. Lara, and Miss Ximenes, two young persons of Jewish extracion, having married without the consent or knowledge of Mr. Ximenes, the lady's father, they retired to France, for a season, to be out of the way of that gentleman's resentment. Mr. X. however, followed them to Paris, applied to the Licutenant of the Police,
* Mr. K. in his pamphlet, somewhat explains this affair, by de. claring, “That it was never intended, or thought of, to Mr K.'s knowiedge, that Lady W. should ever go to any other place than Sir George's country feat at Fetcham, in Surry, whither only
. Sir George requented her to go with him (in a coach and four horses) with their own servants to attend ihem, which the absolutely refused to do; and this will come out to be fact, on reading the proceedings in the Commons, when published; though Mr. C. to amuse the court, and puzzle the cause, used the specious words carried off, as if Lady W. had been an heiress, and not Sir George's wife.'