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Oliver Cromwell : but while he draws a character of the Protector, in the words of Bossuet, as an artful hypocrite, capable of forming and of concealing any enterprize, he discovers herein, we are told, a picture of the Stadtholder of Holland, our King William III. of glorious memory.
From the account which we have here given, our Readers will be able to form a competent judgment of the present performance. If in some instances the Author acquits himself with candour, ingenuity, and honour, in others he is very inaccurate, inattentive, and partial. By some letters which are added in the Appendix, he appears to have been himself sensible of the disadvantages under which he lay for the compleat accomplishment of his defign: in particular he acknowledges, and retracts, a misrepresentation, of which Mr. Garrick had complained, concerning a disturbance which had arisen in the theatre at Drury-lanè: and his Translator corrects the very mistaken account which Mons. Grofley had given of the Moravians, by inserting part of a letter from one Mr. H. upon the subject, in consequence of what this Traveller has related.
Amidit the many imperfections and errors with which the work is evidently chargeable, there are a number of judicious remarks, amusing anecdotes, curious enquiries, and ingenious investigations, which testify the Writer's acquaintance both with men and books : but it appears that he has been too nego ligent and precipitate, not only in collecting his materials at first, but afterwards in digesting them. In all probability his own good sense and penetration have already suggested to him that a very short residence in a country, is by no means fufficient to enable even a man of the best abilities, to give an account of the manners, dispositions, &c. of a considerable and multifarious people, and that it is a kind of presumption, upon such superficial ground, to attempt it. The very erroneous accounts into which, through ignorance, hurry, or prejudice, he has been betrayed, can hardly be at all compensated or excused by the many sensible and entertaining observations with which he has, at the same time, presented his readers. ',' ART. II. Elays and Observations, physical and literary.' Vol. III.
Concluded. See our lait Month's Review. TAVING given an account of the articles contained in
this volume, from No i to N° 13, inclusive ; we now proceed to Art. XIV. Of the Use of the Bark in Dysenteries, and a Hoarfe
ness after the Measles, by the late Robert Whytt, A1. D. F. R. S. and Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh,
• As a dysentery, says our Author, especially one of the worst kind, is accompanied with a putrid disposition of the
humours, and a malignant fever; as by the continuance of the disease, the mouth, tongue, fauces, and alimentary canal are often affected with a bad sort of aphthae; and, as a hiccup may come on, and the patient die, although the purging bas been considerably less for several days, I imagined that the bark might, in such cases, be used with advantage; and, upon trial, I had the satisfaction to find, that I had not been mistaken in my conjecture.
After bleeding once, or oftener, as the circumstances of the patient may require, vomiting once and again with ipecacuanha, and giving several doses of thubarb, either alone, or with equal parts of the confectio japonica of the Edinburgh dil. pensatory, and some drops of laudanum, I ordered the following decoction : K Cort. peruvian. pulverat. zi. Coque ex aqu. fontanae lib. iv. ad
lib. i. Subfidat paululum, dein effundatur decoctum. Cui adde confect. japon. ad zii. vel. ZB.
· Of this the patient takes two table spoonfuls fix times, or three spoonfuls four times in the twenty-four hours. It genea rall agrees with the stomach, and commonly, in a few days, Jeffens the purging. While he uses this medicine, I give him no other but some laudanum at bed-time, to procure reft, If he becomes costive, which sometimes happens after taking the decoction fix or seven days, I Icave out part of the confectio japonica, and give fome rhubarb to open the body.'
Dr. Whytt recommends the bark after the measles, when a hoarseness succeeds the measles, and is neither accompanied with a quick pulse, or a difficulty in breathing. Art. XV. A particular Method of giving the Solution of Corrasove
Sublimate Mercury in small Doses, as an Anthelmintic, by Johan Gardiner, M. D. and Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians in Edinburgh.
Half a drachm of corrosive fublimate, dissolved in a faturated solution of crude fal ammoniac in water, is made into a palte with crumb of bread, in a glass mortar ; and divided into 240 pills, each pill containing one-eighth of a grain.-Two of these pills may be given after eleven or twelve years of age twice a-day; a less dose will not prove an effectual poison for worms. Art. XVI. On the Abuse of Causlics in venereal warty Excrefiences,
by John Gardiner, M. D. Fellow of the Royal College of Phyfi. cians, Edinburgh.
If the warty excrescences are so large as not to be destroyed by two or three applications, the continued use of the cauttic is found to render them extremely hard and horny; and though the hard part is thaved off by the scalpel, yet there is not the Jeaft diminution of bulk, nor will emollients have the least effeet in softening the hardness so tong as che caustic is in use.
In this situation the most successful practice, according to Dr. Gardiner, is to sprinkle the excrescences with che leaves of the fabina finely powdered, every morning; and at nighi to apply an emollient poultice. Art. XVII. Account of the Lisbon Diet Drink in Venereal Cases, by Dr. Donald Monro, Physician :0 St. George's Hospital, London.
Dr. Monro's receipt for che Lisbon Diet Drink may be genuine; yet the solitary history related by the Doctor is but an equivocal proof of its efficacy in venereal cases; for the complaints, which were removed by the Diet Drink, appear to have been raider the effects of long continued mercurial courses, than of the infection itself. Art. XVIII. Obfervations on the Catarrhal Epidemic of 1762, by
Ebenezer Gilchrift, M. D. The epidemic here described is produced and propagated by contagion in the air ; is a fever fui generis, with catarrhal symptoms; for the most part regular in its course, and terminating in a sensible crisis; but sometimes continuing long after every symp:om of catarrh is gone, and often changing its form.
Dr. Baker has given an account of the same epidemic as it appeared in London : and in the Gazette de France, du 5 Juillet, 1762, there is a good description of the same disease, as it apo peared on some parts of the continent. Art. XIX. Observations on the Arthritis anomala, with a Post
fcript, relating chiefly to the Cure of the regular Gout, by the late David Clerk, M. D. Fillow of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh.
This paper contains some useful histories, and good practie cal observations both on the regular and anomalous gout. And in the succeeding article, we have likewise some additional observations on the same subjects, by the late Dr. Whytt, who was a very ingenious physiologist, and an excellent practical phyfician. Art. XXI. Of the Urinary Bladder thickened. By Ebenezer Gil.
chrif, M. D. « The urinary bladder may be thickened, says our Author, various ways.
1. From inflammation. 2. From a schirrous difpofition, affecting it wholly or in part. 3. The inner membrane becomes spongy and Aabby, when its numerous glands are overcharged, which, in this case, throw out their contents in great abundance: here we have the idea of a rheum. 4. The sides of the bladder sometimes grow thick and hard, from a long and rigid contraction of its muscular fibres, by which the capacity of it is so much diminished that it can contain but a small quantity of urine, which, with painful urgings, it is conItantly endeavouring to expel. The part is now under a spasm;
and, when thus affected, is, by French authors, termed veille racornie.
Without any contraction, or having its capacity diminished, which, on the contrary, is greatly enlarged, the whole bladder fuffers an uniform thickening of all its coats, or such an increase of its substance as seems peculiar to membranous parts.'
The last of these is what Dr. Gilchrist has in view, in this paper. He relates fix histories of the disease, points out the Tymptoms by which it may be distinguished, and then the method of cure; which chieńy consists in giving the mercurial pill, in the dose of eight or ten grains every night. In three or four days this dose commonly affects the mouth; a revulsion is then plainly made, and a resolution begun; the inflammation and tenderness of the tumour gradually abate ; the tenfion of the bladder and stricture of its orifice relax; the urine flowly escapes, and comes away with less pain ; and all the symptoms are relieved.
The two next articles are chirurgical ; the first gives an ac, count of an amputation of the arm without hæmorrhage; and the second, the history of a fractured fternum. Art. XXIV. The Case of a person who was seemingly killed by a
Blow on the Breast, recovered by Bleeding and the Warm Bath, in a Letter addressed to Dr. Alexander Monro, fen. by Willian Alexander, M.D.
In this patient there was no sensible respiration ; no pulse to be distinguished either in the wrist, or in any other part of the body; nor did any blood issue, on a large incifion being made into a vein. But, in about three minutes after he was put into the bath, the water round the orifice began to be tinged with blood : in two minutes more, the blood issued out very perceptibly; in seven minutes he began to breathe ; and other fymptoms of recovery foon succeeded. Art. XXV. Concerning the State of the Intefines in old Dysenteries
, by D. Donaid Monro, Physician to the Army, and to St. George's Hospital at London.
It appears, from a great number of diffections, that, in old dysenteries, the villous coat of the intestines is eroded, and that these erofions do not extend beyond the rectum and colon.
The next paper contains some ingenious but unsuccessful attempts to extirpate a large polypus in the pharynx and celophagus, by the late Mr. Dallas.
-And in the succeeding article, Dr. Alexander Monro gives the sequel of the case, and an engraving representing the appearances on dissection.
In the 28th Article we have Camper's observations on the direction in which the fra&tures of bones are generally made, and on the formation of the callus,
Art. XXIX. The History of two Coses of Stones lodged partly in
the Bladder, and partly in the Urethra, by Dr. Livingston, Phyo fician at Aberdeen.
One of these stones was extracted from a living, the other from a dead subject. Each patient had the symptoms of the ftone from his infancy, and violent unremitting pain for two years before the extraction, accompanied with a constant filiicidium urina. Art. XXX. Of the Use of Mercury in convulsive Disorders, by Dr.
Donald Minro, Physician to St. George's Hospital, London.
The convullive motions, for the cure of which mercury is here recommended, are those which accompany the opisthotanes, tetanus, and locked-jaw.-This method of cure was communicated to D:. Monro, by a gentleman of the faculty who refided in the island of Jamaica.
• While this gentleman practised in Jamaica, he had a great number of cases of the tetanus, attended with the locked-jaw, under his care. At first, he used to give very freely of opium, musk, and other medicines of this class; to bleed, and make other evacuations, while he used baths, fomentacions, embro. cations, and other external applications, but all without the least success; and, as he had lost a' great many patients without being so lucky as to make one cure, he began to believe that this disorder always proved fatal, and was not to be cured by medicine, notwithstanding what some practitioners had alledged. However, having received an unexpected hint concerning the good effects of the mercurial ointment in such cases, he resolved to try it; and ordered the first patient that offered to be put into a warm room, and to be rubbed two or three times a day with the ointment, till such time as a salivation was raised, when he, with pleasure, observed, that as soon as the mercury began to affect the mouth, the convulsions of the muscles of the jaws, as well as all the other spasms and convulfions, ceased, and the patient was freed of all his complaints.
• After this, he treated every case of this kind which came under his care in the same manner, and cured twelve, which were all who applied to him for advice fo early in the disorder, that there was time to bring the mercury to the mouth before the fatal period was expected. A few died in whom the disease was so far advanced before he saw them, that there was not time to raise a salivation.'
All the cases which came under this gentleman's care in the West Indies, were the effects of the climate, and not the consequences of wounds or capital operations. Dr. Alexander Monro, however, in the last Article of this volume, relates the history of a patient who was seized with the locked-jaw after a fracture of the leg, and wounding the teguments at the 04