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view comparatively and concisely for the study of men, rather than plainly and amply for the instruction of youth; which grammars, it is added, now stand separated in as full and explicit a manner as poffible; but still, as in the first scheme, the English is made the principal, as it were the conductor into one grand edifice, whose foundation is fought for and laid in nature ; this grand edifice is language in general, and particular languages which differ only in idioms, its feveral apartments. The prefent work principally respects the English, offering at the same time those general rules in which all languages agree, which are printed in a larger letter, to keep them diftinct from such as are confined to a particular tongue, and may be considered as idioms, which are therefore expressed in a smaller character. The Hebrew, Latin, and Greek grammars, with some particulars relative to each language, are, we suppose, to follow in a separate volume.

With regard to the Author's peculiar manner of spelling accedence, he says, he follows Milton, deriving the word from accedo, fignifying to approach, or go up to, (viz. to grammar,) rather than from accido, which derivation, in his view, conveys no sense.

His account of the found and force, of some of our letters is very different from what is in common practice among us. His remarks and rules in other respects appear to be generally judicious, and worthy the regard, not only of youth, but of men : but we fear it will be very difficult to bring children to enter into his ideas. Art. 47. The Tutor and Book-keeper's Guide in Accounts. 8vo.

I s. 6 d. Hawes, &c. 1772. This small tract contains an useful summary of rules and examples for illustrating the practice of book-keeping. The Author has comprized, within a narrow compass, every necessary instruction for the attainment of this important art: and he has furnished several specimens for the exercise of the learner.

This method of teaching is undoubtedly the best; as little can be done by professors in any part of science, without uniting the prac. tice with the theory. We could have wished our Author had not been so free in depreciating the publications of others on the same subject : his note in p. 12. some may deem uncandid, not to add, unjuft. And we would recommend to his revisal the following ex. tract from the titlepage, the latter part of which is scarce intelligible. • The whole calculated to supply the defects of some; to retrench the errors and superfluities of others; and to introduce a rational and easy methed in teaching of, and condacting books by, double entry: it being neceffary (as will be found by examination) for every TUTOR to perufe who teaches accounts by any author' extant; and for the ACCOUNTANT to overlook, who would avoid ABSURD methods. Art. 48. Proposals for an Amendment of School- Instruction. 8vo.

Is. 6d. Wilkie. 1772. • This little work pretends, fays the Author, at the utmost, no higher, than more minutely to fill up the outlines of Mr. Locke's plan in his incomparable book on Education, by a fuller explication of some of its parts, and an accommodation of those directions to the use of schools, which he adapted, more immediately at least, to that of the domestic cutor. I have meant, indeed, fo absolutely to take Mro

Locke

that is new.

1 2mo.

2 S.

Locke for my guide, and to follow his footsteps, that it is on the cogency and energy of the latter part of his book that I rely; and whoever has not repeatedly weighed, and is not swayed and penetrated by the force of his arguments, coines unprepared for profiting by the perusal of this fupplement to them. This excellent man, not, however, chusing on all articles to encounter the full force of the prejudices of his age, forbore formally to aflign part of the days, as is here proposed, to English, (after the manner of the Greeks and Romans, in regard to their respective languages, and consequently bad no need to give us the particular extracts and entire English books he thought fittet for youths' instruction and study. This prefamed defect in Mr. Locke, it will be neceffary (on the present plan) here to supply, &c.' This extract sufficiently shews the Author's design; as to the execation of is, we can only say, that the judicious Reader, who has turned his thoughts to the subject of Education, will find some very pertinent observations in these proposals, but little, if any thing, Art. 49. Fables Amusantes : avec une Table générale & particuliére des Mors, et de leur Signification en Anglois, selon l'ordre des Fables, pour en rendre la Traduction plus facile a l'Ecolier. Par Jean Perrin.

Law. This performance appears to be well calculated to answer the pure pose intended by it. Art

. 50. Caree Poleriores, five Appendicula Notarum atque Emerdationum in Tbeocritum O:conii nuperrim publicatum. 4to. lewed. Nourse. For these additional notes and observations, published by way of appeadix to Warton's edition of Theocritus, the learned are in, dibied to Mr. Toup. The philological disquisitions are deep, and the conjectures, where nothing but conje&ture could be had recourse to, acute.

For an ample account of Warton's edition, see Review, Vol. xliii. three articles.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art,

51. A Review of all the Do&trines taught by the Reu. Mr. Joba Wesley; containing a full Answer to a Book, entitled, “ A second Check to Antinomianism,” In fix Letters to the Author of that Book. 8vo. is. ód. Dilly. In our Catalogue for April last, we mentioned the second Check to Antinomianism, with some other tracts which have appeared in the prefent controversy, between the Wefliyans and the Whitefi.idians, concerning the doctrines of justification, free-will, finless perfection, knilhed falvation, &c. The piece now before us is the work of Mr. H-, who wrote the five Letters 10 Mr. Fletcher, of Madely, author of the ift, zd, and 3d Checks to Antinomianifin.

Beside the fix letters written to Mr. Fletcher, we have, in the prefent publication, what the Author ftyles, A Farrage of bot and celd Medicines,extracted from Mr. Welley's publications, in order to shew Mr. W.'s inconíftencies, i. e. his leaning sometimes too much iswards CalvinISM, at others, too much towards PELAGIANISM and ARMINIANISM, sometimes too much towards Popery, at others, by his own confeflon, too much towards MYSTICISM and Moravi.

2 s. 6 d.

ANISM,

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ANISM, sometimes too much towards SINLESS PERFECTION, at others, too much towards the contrary opinion !

—I say, continues Mr. H. on account of this fluctuating ocean on which the Rev. Author of the Preservative against unsettled notions in Religion has been tossed for so many years together, I have collected the annexed heterogeneous farrago out of his own works, which he wrote at varia ous times, and under various leanings to his various isms, particularly when he drew lots whether or no he should preach and print againit the doctrine of election.'

Our Author, though a faint *, is, occasionally, a waggith one; and, among other strokes of pleasantry, aimed at the perfectionists, puts the following to Mr. Welley- Do you not know a clergyman, once clofely connected with you, who refused a great witness for perfection the sacrament, because he had been detected in bed with a perfect fifter? And did not he urge in his behalf, that he did it to try whether all evil défire was taken away?

As for the contrasted opinions of Wesley against Wesley, we refer the curious Reader to the farrago itself; in which he will meet with more diversion than edification. Art. 52. Athird Check to Antinomianism; in a Letter to the Au

thor of Pietas Oxonienfis. By the Vindicator of Mr. Wesley's Minutes. 12mo. 10 d. Bristol printed, and sold by Cabe, &c. in London,

Mr. Fletcher here answers Mr. Hill's five Letters. mentioned in p. 468 of our Review for April last; and he seems, in general, to conduct his

part of the dispute with more temper, candor, and de. cency, than we usually find in controversial writers. His opponents, nevertheless, frequently charge him with manifesting a sarcastic spirit, and a certain tartness of expression : a charge which he may juftly retort on some of them, particularly the author of Pietas Oxónienfis. We speak in reference to the present tract, as we pretend not to recollect the particulars of Mr. Fletcher's two former pieces. Art. 53. Friendly Remarks, occafioned by the Spirit and Doc

trines contained in the Rev. Mr. Fletcher's Vindication, and more particularly in his second Check to Antinomianism. To which is added, a Postscript, occasioned by his third Check. In a Letter to the Author. By

A. M. 8vo. is. Dilly. Another attack on the author of the three Checks, made by a pesson who, if we mistake not his hints relating to himself, hath lately fallied forth in quest of spiritual adventures : in other words, who hath commenced itinerant or field-preacher.--He writes like a man of ability, in his way, and pushes his antagonist very hard, on the myftical subjects in debate, among these jarring disseminators of enthusiasm. Art. 54. Some Remarks on a Pamphlet, entitled, A Third Check to Antinomianism. By the Author of Pietas Oxonienfis. 8vo. 3 d. Dilly.

This bootless controversy seems to be dying away. Our sensible Remarker here takes leave of it; and peace be to its manes !

* He modeltly professes himself, however, to be the leaft of all faints:' fee p. 1. of the performance now under notice.

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. 55. Two Sermons, preached at the Chapel Royal, St.
James's. By Beilby Porteus, D. D. Resor of Lambeth, and
Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty. 410. 1 S. Payne, &c.
1772:
These discourses are well adapted to the state and character of the
present age. The subject of the first is, the love of pleasure, from
E-lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God. The preacher princi-
pally confines himself to those pleasures which are usually stiled in-
nocent, and which, in a certain degree, and under proper restric.
tions, undoubtedly are fo; the gaieties and amusements of life.
• If we are not, says he, lovers of these pleasures more than lovers
of God; if our piety is greater than our difiipation, it must be great
indeed. This subject, therefore, he pursues in an eafv, agreeable
manner, calculated both to convince and persuade his readers.

While he is recommending religion, especially to youth, as what
would preserve them from a variety of evils, and promote the very
end which the advocates for pleasure have in view, the true enjoy-
ment even of the present life, he thus proceeds : • Suffer it then to
do you this kind office; and do not look on Chriftianity in that
gloomy light, in which it sometimes perhaps appears to you. Far
from being an enemy to chearfulness, it is the truest friend to it.
That sober and temperate use of diversions which it allows and re-
commends, is the surest way to preserve their power to please, and
your capacity to enjoy them. At the same time, though it forbids
excess in our pleasures, yet it multiplies the number of them; and
disposes the mind to receive entertainment from a variety of objects
and pursuits, which, to the gay part of mankind, are absolutely fat
and infipid. To a body in perfect health, the plainest food is re-
lishing, and to a foul rightly harmonized by religion, every thing
affords delight. Rural retirement, domestic tranguillity, friendly
conversation. literary pursuits, philosophical enquiries, works of
genius and imagination; nay even the filent beauties of unadorned
nature, a bright day, a ftill evening, a starry hemisphere, are sources
of unadulterated pleasure to those whose taste is not vitiated by cri-
minal indulgences, or debased by trifling ones.-Try then, he adds,
you who are in search of pleasures, try these among the rest ; try,
above all others, the pleasures of devotion. They are real, they
are exquisite.-Acquire only a taste for devotion, (as you often do
for other things of far less value,) in the beginning of life, and it
will be your support and comfort through the whole extent of it. It
will raise you above all low cares, and little gratifications ; it will
give dignity and fublimity to your sentiments, inspire you with for-
titude in danger, with patience in adversity, with moderation in
prosperity, with alacrity in all your undertakings, with watchfulnefs
over your own conduct, with benevolence to all mankind. It will
be so far from throwing a damp on your other pleasures; that it will
give new life and spirit to them, and make all nature look gay
around you. It will be a fresh fund of chearfulness in store for you,
when the vivacity of youth begins to droop; and is the only thing
that can fill up that void in the soul which is left in it by every
early enjoyment. It will not, like worldly pleasures desert you,
prii Aug. 1772.

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when you have most need of consolation, in the hours of solitude, of sickness, of old age ;-it will disperse the gloom and horror of a death bed ; will give you a foretaste and render you worthy to partake of that FULNESS OF JOY, those pure celestial PLEASURES which are at GOD'S RIGHT HAND FOR EVERMORE.

The fecond termon is principally addresied to unbelievers in revelation. It is, like the other, serious, plain, agreeable and practicable; though we could have withed that the Author had more particularly taken notice of those who, profeffing their faith in revelation, practically reject and milimprove it. We observe, with pleasure, that these discourses have passed through two editions al. ready; we wilh they may have a yet farther circulation, as they appear to be so well calculated to promote the best purposes. Art. 56 A candid Examination of the Reajons why the People called

Quakers do not pay Tishes. Recommended to the Confideration of those whom it may concern. By the late Rev. H. Wolienholme, M. A. Rector of Liverpool. 12mo. I s. 6 d. Stuart, 1772.

The Author, we are informed, was induced to draw up the following tract on account of the practice of some Quakers to put into the hands of new collectors of the taxes their reasons for the nonpayment of tithes ; but, it is added, had they not made an impreslion on some in his parish, they had not attracted his notice.

As to the divine right of tithes, it is a point of doctrine which, we believe, will not, in the present age, be much insisted on ; but that the ministers of religion should be decently and comfortably supported in the discharge of their.ofice, is a plain dictate of natural senie, truth, and justice, as well as piety : and certainly, in this view, our Author has greatly the advantage of his opponents. Art. 57. An Address to the serious and candid Profesors of Chrifti.

anity, on the following subjects : I. The Use of Reason in Matters of Religion. II. The Power of Man to do the Will of God. III. Original Sin. IV. Election and Reprobation. V. The Di. vini y of Christ, and VI. Atonement for Sin by the Death of Crit: Occasioned by an Appeal lately published on the same Sub,ects. !2mo, od. Buckland. 1772.

The appeal mentioned above consisted only of one Meet, treating upon these points in a serious manner, but in a strain very different from what has been commonly called orthodox faith. This Author apprehends that the sentiments there delivered and recommended are very diftant from the truth of Scripture, and prejudicial to the interefis of real religion. He therefore publishes this little treatise as' a vindication of the Calvinistical judgment upon the above points. He expresies his apprehension,' that, in this age of scepticism and per ness' he has nothing to expect, but to be accounted a krave or 2 fool for what he has written : but, however he may be mistaken in his pinion as to some particulars, he certainly appears to be a senf1b). Dan, who knows how to defend his subject, and what is much more important, a man who desires to advance the cause of piety and virtue, and the true happiness of mankind. Yet we mult acknowledge, that it does not appear to us how the maintaining and inufting upon the doctrines of predestination and election can contribute

to

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