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to explain the intricacies which, in general, disfigure the English laws concerning property.

MISCELLANEOUS. Art. 37. The Fencer's Guide. Being a Series of every Branch required to compose a complete System of Defence, whereby the Admirers of Fencing are gradually led from the first Rudiments of that Art through the most complicated Subtilities yet formed by Imagination, or applied to Practice, until the Lessons herein many Ways varied also lead them insensibly on to the due Methods of Joose Play,, which are here laid down, with every Precaution necessary for that Practice. In four Parts. Part first and second, contain such a general Explication of the Small Sword as admits of much greater Variety and Novelty than are to be found in any other Work of this Kind. Part the third, thews, in the Use of the Broad Sword, such an universal Knowledge of that Weapon as may be very applicable to the Use of any other that a Man can lawfully carry in his Hand. Part the fourth, is a Compound of the three former, explaining and teaching the Cut and thruit, or Spadroon-play, and that in a more subtle and accurate Manner than ever appeared in Print. To these are added, particular Lelsons for the Gentlemen of the Horse Dragoons, and Light-Horse or Huffars; with some necessary Precautions; and an Index, explaining every Term of that Art throughout the Book. The whole being carefully collected from long Experience and Speculation, is calculated as a Vade Mecum for Gentlemen of the Army, Navy, Universities, Academies, &c. By Andrew Lonnergan, Teacher of the Military Sciences. 8vo. 7 s. Printed and fold for the Author by Griffin in Catherine-freet.

The Author explains, in his dedication, the manner in which he has attempted to execute his design. How far he has succeeded, we must submit to the judgment of those proficients in the science of defence, who are able to read. He professes to make his treatise as little expensive as poffible; that multum in parvo is his aim, in prac. tice as well as theory; that he has avoided the expence of copperplates, as he thinks it must be generally granted that the pen can better describe motion than the pencil. He professes himself ready to explain to every enquiring gentleman any difficulty, or to clear up any doubts which may occur in the perusal of this book. He obferves, for which we must take his word, that his directions are so plain and copious, that any two gentlemen, acquainted with the outlines of the Science, may very much improve themselves, by al. ternately giving and taking the lessons which he has laid down.

(Communicated by a Friend.) Art. 38. An Essay upon Education. By J. Wadham White

church, B. A. This Efray is divided into three parts ; the first treats of the ma. pagement of children in infancy; the second part relates to the conduct of their studies in a more advanced age; and the third is a difcourse on the advantages and disadvantages of travelling into foreign countries.

We were led to apprehend from the Author's introduction, in which he is arming himself against oppolition and censure, that he

12 mo.

3 S.

Becket. 1772.

was

was going to propofe fome new mode of education, very different from every other that had been already adopted, and far superior to those now in use. But our apprehensions subsided as we proceeded onward from one page to another, till at last we were perfe&ly fatisfied that the Author meant no injury to any system of nursing or education already established. Had this been the case, we could not have answered for the consequence.

In those particulars wherein he seems to differ from other writers on the same subject, the difference is rather verbal than real; and there is little originality either in his scheme itself, or in the arguments by which he explains and enforces it. The plan of a domeftic education, which he prefers and recommends, is liable to many ob. jections ; the rules he lays down for the education of youth, in the several stages of their progress, are by no means unexceptionable ; and the books he recommends to the perutal of his pupils are not so judiciously selected as we could have wished. We should hardly have thought of indiscriminately recommending the Philosophical Transactions to the perufal of a youth of eighteen, especially as our Author has not admitted into his plan (Maclavrin's Algebra and the first Book of Euclid excepted) any of those preparatory sciences, which are necessary to their being read either with pleasure or advantage.

Many of his observations and directions, however, are pertinent and useful; and they have the advantage, for the most part, of being expressed in clear and intelligible language. Every effort for improving the system of educatin, of all objects the most interesting and important, must be acceptable to the public; and in this view the work before us is not without merit. Art. 39. The Beauties of English Prose: Being a select Collec

tion of moral, critical, and entertaining Passages, disposed in the Manner of Essays; and extracted from Addison, Blackstone, Boling broke, Bourk, Browne, Clarke, Dryden, Felton, Fordyce, Franklyn, -Goldsmith, Gregory, Hervey, Hume, Johnson, Lyttelton, Macaulay, Orrery, Pope, Parnel, Seed, Shenstone, Smollett, South, Steele, Sterne, Swift, Tillotson, Warburton ; alfo from the Spectator, Tatler, Guardian, Connoiffeur, World, Adventurer, Rambler, and Idler. The whole tending to cultivate the Mind, and promote the Practice of Virtue. 12mo. 4 Vols. 12 s. bound. Hawes, &c.

Hawes, &c. 1772. Publications of this kind have lately become numerous, and cer. tainly, if they are conducted with attention and judgment, they have considerable utility, as a means of diffusing knowledge, and particularly of informing the minds of youth in an agreeable manner, and impressing upon them religious and moral sentiments. Four volumes, however, seem somewhat to exceed the proper limits for a work of this kind. Nevertheless the collection appears to be, on the whole, judiciously and carefully executed, and is adapted both to entertain and improve, as may be supposed from the catalogue of respectable names mentioned in the title-page.

The work is divided alphabetically into twenty three book, and the subjects are arranged in the same manner in chapters and lections. The compiler has introduced essays of the humorous and amusing, as well as of the serious and moral kind; he has occasionally inter

2

spersed

spersed disquisitions in polite literature, and also endeavoured to give

the young Briton some idea of the constitution of his country from Dr. Blackstone's commentaries on the laws of England.

We think he has not been always happy in the title affixed to his feétions ; at leatt he is not fo in the three following instances : Under the head, Adultery, the second section is thus dillinguished, Adultery directed in the Bible. Now this may surprise a reader, if not disgult him; or if it should make him more eager to know what the article contains, he will find but a futile and puerile attempt at humour, in the hacknied story, from the Spectator, of the blunder committed in Archbishop Laud's time, by the company of Stationers, who printed several copies of the Bible, with the omission of the word not in the seventh commandment, and consequently it appeared, Thou foalt commit adultery.. Another section is termed, Discontent the common let of all mankind. Now, though it is too evident that men often are discontented with their station, yet, to say that this is their lot, seems to imply, that it is unavoidable; which is far from being the truth. Again, under the word, Fame, the first section speaks of it as a commendable pasfon : the desire of fame, or applause, may, in a degree, and under proper limitations, be commendable ; but surely fame, considered in itself

, can neither be called a passion, or be deemed always commendable.

We could have withed that Dryden's account of heresies and fectaries, which forms the fixth chapter of the eighteenth book, had been omitted, or that some other essay had been inserted as a kind of balance to this; as some parts of it are liable to misinterpretation, or may lead an undistinguithing reader to entertain an unfavourable opinion of several who have been, and others who are, as worthy and valuable as any other members of the community. Every thing that favours of an attachment to party should be studiously avoided in works intended for the allistance and improvement of youth.

Notwithitanding these few instances of negligence and inattention, we think this compilation calculated to answer very valuable ends. Those subjects are selected which inculcate the principles of religion and virtue, and, at the same time, according to our collector's obfervations, the elegant diction and purity of style of those writers, from whose works they are extracted, may contribute to improve the literary taite of the younger part of his readers. Art. 40. The Appeal; or, authentic Copies of two late Addresses

to the Right Rev. the Lord Bihop of Winchester, as Visitor of St. Mary Magdalen College, Oxford. 8vo.

Leacroft. 1772. The altercation relating to the itatute of Magdalen College, which qualifies a Doctor in any faculty, to retain certain ecclefiaftical preferments with his fellowship, together with the proceedings of the Bishop of Wincheiter, relating to the Drs. Walker and Kent, in regard to their preferments, hath, for some time, furnished inaterials for the news-papers, and for feveral pamphlets; fo that the public, in general, are sufficiently acquainted with the nature of the dispute ; but if any of our Readers require a more particular account of this affair, than will be given in the present article, we refer them to a tract, enurled, The Condutt of the Bishop of Winchester, or to the review of it contained in our 420 vol. p. 491: also to the Appeal now

before

i S.

before us; in which Dr. Kent vindicates himself from the charges advanced against him, in certain reports, injurious to his reputation. Art. 41. The Lives of those eminent Antiquaries John Leland, Tho

mas Hearne, and Arthony à Wood; with an authentic Account of their respective Writings and Publications, from original Papers. In which are occasionally inserted, Memoirs relating to many eminent Persons, and various parts of Literature. Also several Engravings of Antiquity, never before published. 8vo. 2 Vols. Large Paper il. is. Small Paper 12 s. Boards. Oxford printed for Fletcher, in the Turl; and Pote, at Eton. 1772.

Beside the pleasure which naturally results from books of biography, they have the advantage, in some instances, of serving as commentaries on the writings of the great men they record. But there are authors, who, though they have deferved well of literature, do not excite a general approbation or curiosity. Leland, Hearne, and Wood, were undoubtedly men of learning, and intelligent antiquaries; but their industry was more to be commended than their genius. Their researches, however, have their value; and these accounts of their lives, connexions, and publications, are executed with exactness and ability. Art. 42. Some Particulars of the Life of Jonathan Britain, who

was executed at Bristol, for Forgery, May 15, 1772. By a Gentleman who attended him. With a Preface by the Rev. Mr. Rouquet. 8vo. 6d. Bristol printed by Pine, and sold by Cooke in London.

From this account it appears that the artful and infamous Jonathan Britain was a true penitent, and a real convert to God. For this fact we must reft, solely, on the credit of the ' gentleman who at. tended him,' and who introduced himself to Jonathan with this af. furance that Jesus alone could help him ;' that Jesus is the friend of all distressed and miserable finners ;' that to his arms the worf are welcome if they come with true hearts,' &c. and that 'many a poor finner has the blessed Jesus received from the gallows into glory.' From all which, we suppose, our Readers will conclude that the gentleman who attended Mr. Britain is a Methodift. Art. 43. A Letter to David Garrick, Esq; occafioned by his have

ing moved the Court of King's Bench against the Publisher of Love in the Suds, &c. By Dr. Kenrick. , 4to. I s. 6 d. Wheble.

Those who are curious to learn the grounds of Dr. Kenrick's quarsel with Mir. Garrick, and his motives for writing the Town Eclogue above-mentioned, will find them amply set forth in this pamphlet. Art. 44. The Toilet of Flora ; or, a Collection of the most simple

and approved Methods of preparing Baths, Efences, Pomatums, Powders, Perfumes, sweet scented Waters, Opiates for preserving and whitening the Teeth, --with Receipts for Cosmetics of every Kind, that can smooth and brighten the skin, give Force to Beauty, and take off the Appearance of old Age and Decay. For the Use of the Ladies. Improved from the French of M. Buchoz, M.D. I 2 mo. 3 s. bound. Nicoll.

On looking over the very copious table of contents prefixed to this large collection of essences, perfumes, and lotions, - well might any handsome, healthy, and cleanly woman exclaim, with the Philofo.

pher

pher in the fair, “What a multitude of things are here, which I do Het want !" Art. 45. The New Topic of Conversation ; or, Dialogues on the Abuse or Excess of Credit in Trade. Adapted to the presene Times. Second Edition. 8vo. I s. Murray. An old tract revived, with a new title-page; on the back of which, the Editor fairly acknowledges, in an advertisement, that “These sentiments were offered to the confideration of the public, in the year 1,66—and that they are now republished, to draw the attention of the prudent and confiderate part of mankind toward the first and real foarce of the growing evils complained of.' The late remarkable blow given to public credit, renders this topic of conversation a very melancholy one :--we refer to our Review, vol. xxxvi. p. 232, for a character of these Dialogues; we there gave them our approbation, but have not re-perused them on this occasion. Art. 46. A plain and complete Grammar of the English Language;

to which is prefixed, the English Accedence; with Remarks and

Observations on a short Introduction to English Grammar, By An! felm Bayly, LL.D. Sub. Dean of his Majesty's Chapel-Royal.

8vo. 2 s. Ridley. 1772.

The importance of grammar, says this Writer, is seen, if from no other argument, from the multiplicity of grammars that have been written in all languages. The multiplicity of grammars, he adds, may seem also to infer the facility of grammar, since every master of every petty school thinks himself qualified to write one, especially of his native tongue; but the difficulty is manifest from the imperfection of each. The learned Wallis hath written a grammar, lo have the Johnsons and the Author of the Short Introduction ; fill the complaint continues from natives as well as foreigners, we have no good Englih grammar.' In order to remove this complaint, he observes, the question hould be resolved, what is a good English grammar! Muft it be void of all learning, expressed in vulgar language, and without any technical terms? This, he thinks, would be a quality unnecessary and improper, because children never learn grammar any more than they do language of themselves, and they may as well be taught elegantly as vulgarly, -and because no art or science, though it may be written upon in a mean language, can be explained without the use of some terms. He next alks, Is a good English grammar such as is adapted to the English only? This again, he replies, is improper, if not im poslible, because English is not felf-originated, because a liberal education requires the knowledge of the learned languages; and lastly, because the use and intention of grammar is to improve the understanding of children into that of men. Now, therefore, he thinks, he can answer the question above proposed: “A good English grammar is one that is learned, plain and extensive. Upon this plan the grammar before us is formed, and called, plain and complete,' but not perfect. ' The original title, it is said, was, an Introduction to Languages, or a Grammar literary and philosophical, especially to English, Latin, Greek and Hebrew; but it was thought too complex, and the present, as more timple, was preferred by the publisher.' In a former edition, the grammars, it is said, were placed in one

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