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pleasure, without passion, and without interest, had entrusted her with the power of punishing him for a step, in which esteem and friendthip had engaged him.
Madam de Monglas was filent. Her confufion and blushes did not allow her to make any answer; but her expresfive looks assured the Marquis the understood him. They parted fatisfied with each other, and the contented als of Henrieica next morning, furprized her mother, who was uneasy at the temper she had left her in the evening before. That lady was afraid leit Mons. de Monglas might have had reason to complain of a disinclination discovered so late, or shew his regret for the good he had done to the family to which he had allied himself, and repent with sorrow his noble conduct towards an ungrateful woman.
• Madam de Monglas gave her a faithful account of what passed the preceding night. The Countess admired the behaviour of the Marquis, and imediately after told it in confidence to Madam de Terville. After a month's stay at Chazel, the new-married couple teturned to Paris; and the more Madam de Terville becomes acquainted with her niece's sentiments, the more the finds her de. lighted with her condition.'
In this interesting relation the art of the Author makes us forget the aukwardness of age allied with youth and beauty; the teaches us to sympathize with the Marquis, and to find an interest in his succefs. In every part of her work she furnilhes, equal delight and entertainment. It is throughout a beautiful display of judgment, passion, and fancy.
Of her Translator we cannot speak in any terms of commendation. “He does not always comprehend the meaning of his original; and he no where conveys it with propriety or force *. It is truly an object of regret that the productions of genius thould so frequently be disfigured by the inability of translators; and it cannot be thought of without wonder, that men of the most inconsiderable talents should aspire after the honours of literature.
• The sense, for example, of the following paliage, though it is obvious, he has grossly perverted :
Qu'il off fâcheux, ma chere Hortence, de fe voir dans un état où ncs primieres babitudes ne nous préparoient point à vivre.-Lettre 28.
He says, “How disagreeable it is, my dear Hortensia, to live in a fation entirely different from that for which the habits contracted in our early education utterly disqualify us.'
In talking of the violence which Mons. de Terville had offered to the modesty of Sophia de Valiere, Madam Riccoboni having observed, • That it does too much honour to a corcomb to resent his folly,' adds, La fagele n'eni mpose pas toujours, mais le dédain éloigne fürement; which is thus translated by Mr. Maceuen, ' He is not always awed by wisdom, but contempi is a sure way to get rid of him. Does not this Tranflator know that. La sagelje,' expresses “ virtue,' and not wisdom,' when applied to a young woman?-Other infances of imperfection might be cited, were it neceflary.
ART. III. Whitelocke's Journal of his Amtals 10 Sweaen, concluded.
N our last month's number we gave a general view of the
nature and character of this work, and, as specimens, we extracted the Ambassadur's account of the certmonies obierved at his first public audience of the celebrated Queen Chriftina; also of her Majesty's remarkable conversation with Whitelocke, on the subject of Cromwell's heroism and great exploits; and likewise the extraordinary instance of the bigh opinion the bad conceived of the English Ambassador, and the great regard Me manifested for him, by communicating to his Excellency the grand sccrct of her intended abdication of the crown.
There are many other curious recitals of Whitelocke's converfations, at private audiences, with that extraordinary woman; whose abilities would have enabled her to have figured as a principal character among the crowned heads of that age, had they not been obscured by her caprice, and her ridiculous vanity in wishing rather to take the lead, and to shine, an illustrious recluse, among the literati and virtuosi of that period, than to reign over a powerful nation of rough, unlettered Scandinavians.
: We have here also a narrative of what passed in a conversaa rion between the Ambassador and the Archbishop of Upfal. The person and dress of this Prelate are tbus described :
* He was a comely grave old man, neer eighty years of age, yett of a fresh and ruddy countenance ; his beard long and white, his ftature middle fized, his carryage humble and gentile : his head was covered with a black velvet cap, furred and turned up, after the manner of his countrey; with another cap under it, à cassack of black filke ftuffe like to our Bishops habit, with a long cloake over it.
• He spake Latin fluently, butt not pedantickly, and expressed himselfe with good reason, mixt with chearfullnes and learning, especially out of the fathers and humane authorities; and he was more ready than others of his coate in texts of holy scripture.'
There is something curious in the Ambassador's remark that the Archbilbop was more ready than others of his coate, in texts of holy scripture. Perhaps it ought rather to be considered as a proof of party-prejudice against episcopacy, than as a just seMexion on the Bishops of that age, who were, we believe, as eminent for their piery and orthodoxy as the Prelates of our own times : but, polibly, Whitelocke's sarcasm was pointed only at the Lutheran clergy of Sweden, of whom, indeed, he gives us no very exalted idea.
Among other particulars that passed in this converfation, are the tollowing, with respect to the then Itate of public affairs in England :
• Arch. We in these parts of the world had great affonishment att the actions and alterations in your countrey, especially concerning the change of your governement; wherin I thould be glad to receive some information from your Excellence, if you please to allow me the freedome of discourse in so tender a point as this is.
• Wb. Your Grace is master of your own freedom and discourse,' wherin I know nothing will be lett fall, reflecting uppon the honor of the Commonwealth whom I serve ; and I shall be very ready to give you what satisfa&ion lyes in my capacity in those things, which you shall hold fitt to demaund of me.
Arch. I shall be farre from any thing which in the least measure may reflect uppon the honor of your Common-wealth, to which [ beare a due respect; acknowledging that vou have done great and wonderfull things in your late transactions, wherin God hath ap. peared much on your side.
• Wh. It hath pleased the Lord to owne the Parlement and our Common-wealth in a ftrange series of his providences, judging on our side in all our appeales to him in the day of battle ; and in all our exigencyes he hath bin found by us, and bin our refuge and deliverer in the time of trouble : the perticulars whereof, I prefume, have bin made known to you, and to most parts of the world.
'Arch. You speake more like a bihop yourselfe then like a foldier: it is the part of every good Christian to acknowledge with thankfulness God's goodnes, which hath bin eminent to your Common. wealth, whereot we have heard so much, and confeit by your enemies, that it is yett hard to be believed.
· Wb. Those, who have had the honor to act in our affayres, have seen so much of God in them, that we have more cause then of others to speak good of his name; and furely, this kind of speaking, bishops, soldiers, and ambassadors, and all sorts of good Chrisians, and the wonders whereof we have bin eye-witnefies, I assure your Grace have not bin lesse then repor: hath made them.
'Arch. They have bin indeed wonderfull and successfull; butt with your leave, my Lord Ambassador, we in these parts doc not understand what necellity you were putt unto to take away your settled and ancient governement by Kings, wholly to abolish' it, and to resolve into a republique.
• Wh. It was judged a prudence and necesity uppon the Parle. ment party, for the lafety and securing themieives and their cause, after their sword had bin drawn against the King, not only to throwe away the Scabbert, butt to abolith kingly governedient, and to admit no more kings, which they thought could never be reconciled to them; and to resolve into a republique, that they mighe injoy their jud rights and liberties, which had bin invaded and wreited from . them by their kings.
Aréh. Butt how could their consciences be satisfyed, for the preservation of their owne rights, to take away the right of kings, and for their own safety to deitroy their King.
* Wh. Selfe preservation goes farre with mortall men; and they held the rights of a people more to be regarded, then any thing relating to a perticular person ; and that it is not the right of a King to guverne a people, but the consent of a people that such a King
hall governe them ; which, if he doe not according to justice and their law, they hold, that the people for whom, and for whose good, and for preservation of whole rights, he is intrusted as the supream oficer, may, if they please, remove him from that office : and appon this ground the people's deputies in our supreame counsell, the Parlement, thought fit to take away the governement by kings, and to make it a republique.'
In another conversation with her Majesty, when Cromwell, as usual, became the principal topic, the Queen strongly urged, as her friendly advice, that the Protector, in order to secure himself, and render his government durable, should be careful to avoid every act of arbitrary power, and all appearance of tyranny,
• It will, said Christina, be prudence in him to let the people see, that he intends not to rule them with an iron scepter, nor to governe them by an army, butt to give them such a liberty and injoyment of the benefit of their lawes, that the continuance of his governement may become their intereft, and that they may have no cause to desire a change; else though they must beare the yoake for a time, yett, as soon as they meet with an opportunity, they will shake it off agayne.'
To this Whitelocke, with great propriety, replied, “ This is coun. fell proper to come from such a mind and judgment as yours is, and I thall not fayl to report it to his Highnes; and your Excellence hath rightly stated the disposition of my countrymen, who love peace and liberty, and will hardly brooke ilavery longer than they are forced to it by necessity; and the beit way to governe them is, to let them injoy their lawes and rights, which will rule them better then an iron scepter.'
The Queen's answer to this remark of the Ambassador's does honour to her discernment and her character :
• It is the DISPOSITION OF ALL GENEROUS AND FREE PEOPLE, as the English are, whom I truely respei, and him that is their head, that gallant person, the Protector.'
Our Ambasador was present at the general diet, or assembly of the different states of the kingdom, held at Upfal, at which her Majesty made a formal resignation of the crown; and we shall present our Readers with an extract from his account of the ceremonies and speeches which palled on that occasion.
The Queen's declaration was brief, pertinent, and decisive. She thanked her loving subjects for their dutiful and affectionate behaviour to her, during her ten years administration ; adding, that the hoped her government had been, agreeably to her best wishes, conducive to the prosperity of her dear country; that now, as the flourishing state of the public affairs seemed favourable to such a measure, the judged it a fit time to put in execution her long intended act of resignation, in favour of her cousin the Prince Palatine *; and, finally, added she, “ If I
See the conversation between her Majesty and Whitelocke on this subject, in our last month's Review,
have merited any thing from you, it shall be this only. which I desire of you, that you will consent to my resolution, since you may affure yourselves, that none can dilluade me from my purpole.'
The Archbishop of Upsal, as marshal of the ciergy, was the first who spoke on this very interesting and delicate subject, in answer to her Majesty's oration. le, in the must handsome terms, acknowledged 'the blessings which the nation had enjoyed during her Majesty's happy administration, and used “ all arguments, and humble intreaties that she would delist from her intention, and continue to fway the sceptre, not doubting but that the blessing of God would be with her, asit had been, &c. &c.” He acknowledged also, “ the virtues and adınirable abilizies of the Prince, whose succession would come in due time;" but that her Majesty reigning at present, with so much satisfaction both to church and itate, he humbly defired, in the name of the clergy, “ that she would be pleased, though to her own trouble, yet for her subjects good, to continue ftill. to be Queen vuir then.
The marshal of the nobility then made his oration, much to the same purpose as that of the Archbifhop.
1 he same was next done by the marlhal of the burgelles; and, in the last place, forth stepped the marshal of the bors, with whole ruftic appearance, and artless address, our Ambassador was greatly Atruck, and delighted. He was • a plain lusty man, in his boor's habit, with clouted fhoone, and a staff in his hand. He was followed by about 80 bours, members of this council, who had chosen hin for their marshal, or speaker.' This honeit, homespun orator, without any of the congees, or cereinonis used by those who had spoken before him, audiefled her Majefty after this phrase, as it was interpreted to Whitelocke :
“ O Lord God, Madame, what doe you meane to doe? It troubles us to heare you speake ot forsaking those that love you so well as we doc: Can you be better then you are ? you are Queen of ail these countreyes, and if you leave this large kingdome, where will you gett fuch anoiherIf you liould doe it (as I hope you wont for all this), both you and we thall have cause, when it is too late, to be sorry for it. Therfore, my fellows and I pray you to thinke better on't, and to keep your crown on your head; then you will keepe your own honor and our peace : buit if you lay it downe, in my conscience, in daunger all.
Continue in your geeres, good Madame, and be the fore horse as long as you live, and we will help you the belt we can to beare
“ Your father was an honest Gentleman, and a good king, and very firring in the world : we obeyed him and loved him as long as he lived, and you are his cun childe, and have governd us very well, and we love you with all our hearts; and the Prince is an Rev. July 1772.