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Art. 20. An Appendix to the Obfervations upon Mr. Pott's General Remarks on Fractures. By Thomas Kirkland, M. D.
8vo. I S.
This Appendix contains fome very judicious obfervations on the best manner of reducing a diflocated thigh-bone, and an account of the extreme facility with which that operation was performed, by making a lever of the bone, and by the ufe of only a very fmall degree of extenfion, in the cafe of a pauper; where the head of the Os femoris was driven inward, towards the foramen ovale of the Os pubis. The cafe itself, and the anatomical and practical obferva tions that accompany it, form a very proper fupplement to the Author's former remarks on dislocations; and are highly deserving the attention of practitioners.
We fhould not have thought it neceffary to fay any thing more concerning this pamphlet, did we not apprehend that we fhould perhaps again incur the cenfure of this Author, and give occafion to a fresh address to us*, were we to withhold from the public the information which he communicates in the preface to this pamphlet, relative to the approbation which has been given by feveral eminent furgeons, to his doctrine concerning the treatment, and his affertions relative to the almoft conftant cure, of the worst compound fractures, without having recourfe to amputation. Among other particulars, the Author here tells us that he has been informed by three gentlemen of great experience and undoubted veracity, who have feen much of this bufinefs in the courfe of many years practice, that they never loft a patient on account of a compound fracture, nor ever amputated on this occafion.'
It is not our intention to controvert the truth of a matter of fact afferted by a perfon of the Author's character. Those here mentioned, though related, as is too ufual with this Writer, in too vague and uncircumftantial a manner (confidering the great importance of the queftion) undoubtedly very frongly confirm his doctrine. At the fame time however, we think, the extremely fingular good fortune of our Author's three friends might have been very properly held up to our notice, with regard to this remarkable circumtance; that it should fo happen that three perfons, in the courfe of an extenfive experience, fhould never once meet with a cafe of a com pound fracture, that abfolutely and indifputably required amputation! For our parts, we are not acquainted with a fingle furgeon, who has even been only a few years converfant in this kind of buft nefs, who has not too frequently been called in to fractured limbs, reduced to fuch a ftate, as that the bare idea of prejeving the member would have been juft as ridiculous, as that of expecting a new creation, or a regeneration of the limb.
We cannot pass over our Author's concluding fentence without a remark. Do not thofe,' he there tays, who throw cold water upon well intended information-without making proper enquiry,
* See our account of the Author's former work in our 3d volume, August 1770, page 141; and our anwer to his complaint in our number for November following, Correfpondence, page 4.6.
feem defirous of having it believed, that they had rather fee all his Majefty's fubjects hopping about on one leg, that that their own opinion fhould, in any inftance, be thought to be erroneous ?'
We are totally ignorant, nor is it of any confequence to know, whether this query is levelled at us, on account of the certainly very modeft doubts which we have formerly expreffed on this fubject; or whether it is aimed at fome greater culprits. Neither does it appear on what grounds the Author thinks himself juftified in throwing out fo odious an imputation on thofe who are apparently guilty of no other crime than that of differing from him in opinion, on a point that has divided the moft enlightened and humane of the faculty. The imputation however is, to the beft of our knowledge, as unjuft, indecent, and uncharitable, as it is improperly expreffed. With regard to the last head,-granting that there really exit fuch unprincipled mifcreants as is here fuggefted, can they poflibly appear to any perfon to be poffeffed of fo fuperlative a degree of folly, and to be fo utterly loft to all regard for character, as to wish to have it believed that they conduct themselves by fuch abominably felfish and vile principles, as are here, by infinuation, laid to their charge? This flip in the expreffion however is pardonable, when compared with the injurious tendency of the meaning intended to be conveyed by it.
Art. 21. Obfervations on Difeafes incidental to Seamen. By Louis Rouppe, M. D. 8vo. 6 s. bound. Carnan. 1772.
This work contains the refult of the Author's obfervations in the courfe of feveral years practice in the Dutch navy. It was originally published in Latin, at Leyden, in the year 1764. The difeafes which affect feamen, both in the harbour and at fea, and in different climates, are very largely defcribed, their caufes pointed out, and the proper method of treating them laid down. The Author appears to have been a careful, accurate, and judicious obferver of the nature and progrefs of difeafes; the fymptoms of which are not only minutely defcribed, but the appearances on diffection likewife frequently noticed. His pharmaceutic treatment, however, is not every where fufficiently fimple and eficacious. The work nevertheless poffeffes a confiderable thare of merit, and will prove an useful addition to the fea furgeon's library. The tranflation appears to be executed with care and fidelity.
Art. 22. Ariadne Forfaken; a Poem. 4to. Is. 6d. Griffin. This is a tranflation from the Latin of Catullus, a poem which, in the original, though little read, has many beauties. In favour of the tranflation, however, we cannot fay much. The Tran, flator affects, and, in his advertisement, obliquely affumes a claim to fimplicity of compofition; but in his execution he feems an utter ftranger to the maxim that fimplicity in compofition is only art well concealed, and that there is an effèntial difference between what is fimple and what is low. Nevertheless he has the affurance to cenfure one of the greatest poets the prefent age has produced, and to load another with an extravagance of encomium to which he is by vɔ means entitled. But with that other he has pofiibly very intimate connections.
connections. He fays he is not ambitious of the fuperfluous epithets; but if epithets which have no connection with the immediate fentiment, fuch as Virgil was always careful to avoid, may be deemed fuperfluous, he has rather fhewn an ambition for them.
The following couplets may ferve to fhew what kind of fimplicity it is that this Writer affects:
If, loth to meet a rigid father's frown,
There are, indeed, in these lines, no meretricious ornaments, as the Tranflator (not in his own language) calls them, but there is a meretricious lowness.
Art. 23. The Execution of Sir Charles Bawdin. Dedicated to her Grace the Dutchefs of Northumberland. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Goldfmith.
This ancient poem is faid to have been the production of Thomas Rowlie, a prieft in the fifteenth century, and is fuppofed to have been written fome time after the event which is the fubject of it, and which happened in Bristol, in the year 1461, when Edward IV. and the Duke of Gloucefter (afterwards Richard III.) were in that city. We cannot think, on account of the fmoothness of the numbers, that the poem is of fo early a date as is fuggefted. There is, however, a natural pathos, and a beautiful fimplicity in it, which cannot but recommend it to the lovers of antique poetry.
Art. 24. An Epile to Gorges Edmond Howard, Efq; with Notes explanatory, critical, and hiftorical, by George Faulkner, Efq; and Alderman. 8vo. 1 S. Dublin printed: London reprinted, and fold by Goldsmith, &c. Sixth Edition,
An excellent piece of humour, by which the Reader who is acquainted with the character of Mr. Faulkner, the printer, will be highly entertained, at the expence of that gentleman. Art. 25. Mifcellaneous Poems; confifting of Originals and Tranflations. By Vincent Bourne, M. A. formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. and Ufher of Westminster School. 4to. 11 s. Boards. Dodíley.
Thefe ingenious Latin poems are well known by every fchool-boy that can read the Carmina Quadragefimalia. There is a peculiar beauty and harmony in the ftructure of Mr. Bourne's verification, and we may fay of it, what he fays of the river Tweed, in his tran flation of the famous old fong:
Nen, que fubrepens blando interlabitur Agros
Art. 26. Poetical Fays. By the Author of Juvenal's Satires Imitated. Iamo. 3s. fewed. Ridley. 1772.
That men who cannot write their own language grammatically fhould pretend to write books, can only be imputed to extreme va nity and ignorance. The Author of thefe Effays is of that clafs; for he tells you of extafies that thrill the bofom, and talks of infufing celestial tire over his foul. He has difcovered that the geefe which faved the capitol were a dying fwan, and many other curious difco
veries does he make, where it is poffible to find them amidst the motly jargon of his language. In short, he appears to be one of that trafhy tribe of fcriblers whofe little vanity was to imitate Churchill in flinging dirt at fome of the most refpectable writers in the nation. Art. 27. A Review of the Poem, intitled, The Senators; or, A Re-Examination into the Merits of the principal Performers of St. Stephen's Chapel. Part I. 4to. 1 s. 6d. Wilkie.
Surely none but the Author of The Senators could have deemed that forry poem an object of fo much attention, reviewing, and re examination as is here bestowed upon it; with an intimation that the undertaking is to be continued.
Authors have often been known to answer themselves, when nobody else would take notice of their performances; -and the style and verfification both of The Senators and this poetical fungus that hath grown out of it, are fimilar enough to countenance our fufpicion, that we have now before us an inftance of this species of authorcraft:-but it is only fufpicion; and fhould the fact prove otherwise, we fhall, on due conviction, very readily acknowledge it. Art. 28. The Chriftian Minifter; in three Poetic Epistles to Philander. To which are added, Poetical Verfions of feveral Parts of Scripture; Tranflations of Poems from Greek and Latin Writers; and original Pieces, chiefly in Verfe, on various Occasions. By Thomas Gibbons, D. D. 8vo. 4 s. bound. Buckland, &c. 1772.
We have fo often given our fentiments of Dr. Gibbons, as a poet, that we can fay nothing more on the fubject, without being guilty of manifeft tautology. As a good and pious man, too much cannot be faid in his commendation: but he loves rhiming,—and every man has his hobby-horse.
Art. 29. The Noble Lovers; or, the Hiftory of Lord Emely and Mifs Villars; containing fome Characters of the most celebrated Perfons in High Life. Izmo. 3 Vols. 7 s. 6d. fewed. Bladon.
This Writer aims at vivacity, and is only petulant. He affects a moft intimate acquaintance with the world, and is almost a stranger to it. The anecdotes he has inferted are in general without foundation, and abound with fpleen and ill-nature. In fine, his work is a compound of malignity and dullness.
Art. 30. The History of Mifs Dorinda Catsby and Miss Emilia Faulkner. In a Series of Letters. 12mo. 2 Vols. 5 s. fewed.
Some romance-writing female (as we guefs, from the ftyle) with her head full of love fcenes,-fhady groves, and purling ftreams, honourable paflion and wicked purposes, has here put together a flimfy series of fuch adventures and defcriptions as we ufually meet with in the amorous trash of the times.
See the 24th Article in our Catalogue for May.
Art. 31. An Effay on the Cultivation of the Lands, and Improvements of the Revenues of Bengal. By Henry Patullo, Efq. 4to. 1 s. 6 d. Becket. 1772.
Many pertinent reflections are here offered on topics, in the very highest degree interefting, to this kingdom. The Author poffeffed excellent opportunities of information; and the public ought not to neglect a communication which he feems to have made with the best intentions.
Art. 32. Confiderations on the Negro Caufe, commonly fo called; addreffed to the Right Hon. Lord Mansfield, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, &c. By a West Indian. 8vo. 1 s. Dodfley.
This pamphlet is written with judgment; but is reprehenfible as it points against the principles of liberty. It has been faid, that the air of this country is too free for a flave to breathe in; but this Writer contends, that the property of a negro remains with his mafter, though he has fet foot in this land of liberty; and he endeavours to prove, that this is the exprefs law of England. Art. 33. Candid Reflections upon the Judgment, lately awarded by the Court of King's Bench, in Weftminster-Hall, on what is commonly called the Negro Caufe. By a Planter. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Lowndes.
Thefe Reflections are written with the fame view as thofe in the preceding publication; and, it must be allowed, that they are laboured and acute.
Art. 34. A Wife in the Right; a Comedy. By Mrs. Griffith: 8vo. 5s. Printed for the Author, and fold by Dilly, &c. 1772.
This piece hath afforded us fo much entertainment in the perufal, that we cannot help thinking it merited a better fate than it met with on the first and only night of its appearance, on the theatre in Covent-Garden. A fubfcription for the prefent edition was the confequence of its ill fuccefs on the ftage: a mode of redress which may be confidered as an appeal from the feverity of the public, to its humanity.
Art. 35. Cupid's Revenge, an Arcadian Paftoral. formed at the Theatre-Royal in the Hay-market. Mr. Hook. Evo. I S. Bell. 1772.
If there be any merit in this piece, it must lie in the mufic; which we have not heard.
As it is per-
Art. 36. An Efay on the Learning of contingent Remainders and executory Devifes. By Charles Fearne of the Inner Temple, Conveyancer, Author of the Lexigraphical Chart of Landed Property in England." 8vo. 1 s. d. Uriel. 1772.
This treatife difcovers fignal penetration, and must be confidered as a valuable.acceffion to legal inveftigations. The doctrine of con. tingent eltates is undoubtedly abftrufe, and involved in perplexities; but the Author's talents appear equal to his fubject; and his fuccessful attempt will, we hope, induce other practitioners of the law