Learning How to Ask: A Sociolinguistic Appraisal of the Role of the Interview in Social Science Research
Cambridge University Press, 1986 M07 25 - 155 páginas
Interviews are ubiquitous in modern society, and they play a crucial role in social scientific research. But, as Charles Briggs convincingly argues in this book, received interviewing techniques rest on fundamental misapprehensions about the nature both of the interview as a communicative event, and of the nature of the data that it produces. Furthermore, interviewers rarely examine the compatibility of interviews as a means of acquiring information to one another. These oversights often blind interviewers to ensuing errors of interpretation, as well as to the limitations of the interview as a means of acquiring data. To conflict these problems, Professor Briggs presents an analysis of the 'communicative blunders' that he himself committed in conducting research interviews among Spanish-speakers in northern New Mexico. By focusing on these errors and exploring how they may be avoided, he is able to propose new techniques for designing, implementing, and analyzing interview-based research. These rest on identifying the subjects' resources for conveying information, and the relative compatability of the shared rules and understandings that underlie their strategies with those associated with interviews. Critical of existing paradigms of interviewing, which he sees as deriving from Western 'folk' theories of reality and communication, Briggs shows that the development of more sophisticated interviewing methodologies requires further research into interviewing itself. Briggs's conclusions provide a basis for the reexamination of current uses of interviews in a wide range of contexts - from social science research to job applications, welfare and health care delivery, criminal and legal investigations, journalism and broadcasting, and other areas of everyday life. His book will appeal to linguists, sociologists, anthropologists, historians, psychologists, as well as other readers whose research or professional activities depend on the use of interviews.
The setting Mexicano society and Córdova New Mexico
Interview techniques visàvis native metacommunicative repertoires or on the analysis of communicative blunders
The acquisition of metacommunicative competence
Listen before you leap
ability able accordingly analysis answer appropriate argued attempts awareness basic become changes Chapter collection communicative competence conduct consultants context conversation Córdova course cultural deal discourse discussion draw effect elders elicitation emerge ethnographic examine example expressions fact field fieldwork formal forms frame function gained given goals important indexical individuals initial inter interaction interest interpretation interview techniques involves issues knowledge language learning Linda linguistic Lupe major María meaning metacommunicative methodological Mexicano native nature norms noted observation obtaining one's oral participants particularly patterns performances person play political present problems procedural produce questions range recordings refer referential regarding relationship respect respondent rhetorical role similarly simply situation social society sociolinguistic sources speakers specific speech event statements structure suggest talk tell theoretical tion topics understanding utterance values verbal
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