Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort and Performance, Second Edition
CRC Press, Dec 26, 2002 - 527 pages
Our responses to our thermal environment have a considerable effect on our performance and behavior, not least in the realm of work. There has been considerable scientific investigation of these responses and formal methods have been developed for environmental evaluation and design. In recent years these have been developed to the extent that detailed national and international standards of practice have now become feasible.
This new edition of Ken Parson's definitive text brings us back up to date. He covers hot, moderate and cold environments, and defines these in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiate temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person's activity. There is a focus on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. Water requirements, computer modeling and computer-aided design are brought in, as are current standards. Special populations, such as the aged or disabled and specialist environments such as those found in vehicles are also considered.
This book continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably and effectively, and for the design of materials which help the same people cope with their environments.
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Human thermal environments
THE HEAT BALANCE EQUATION FOR THE HUMAN BODY
A PRACTICAL APPROACH
Human thermal physiology and thermoregulation
THE THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE HUMAN BODY
WHOLEBODY THERMAL COMFORT
THERMAL MODELS AND THERMAL COMFORT
DO REQUIREMENTS FOR COMFORT UNIVERSALLY APPLY?
Thermal comfort for special populations special environments and adaptive modelling
BABIES CHILDREN THE SICK AND THE PREGNANT
BEHAVIOURAL THERMOREGULATION THERMAL COMFORT AND THE ADAPTIVE MODEL
PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO HEAT
SEMANTICS PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING
MOOD AGGRESSION DEPRESSION AND OTHER PSYCHOLOGICAL REACTIONS
Dehydration and water requirements
BIOELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS BIA
PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DRINKING
Measurement methods and assessment techniques
MEASURING KITS AND COMPOSITE INSTRUMENTS
MEASUREMENT OF PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE
MEASUREMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSES
THE THERMAL INDEX AN ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUE
Metabolic heat production
ESTIMATION OF METABOLIC HEAT PRODUCTION
THE USE OF TABLES AND DATABASES
SPECIAL POPULATIONS CHILDREN PEOPLE WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES AND PEOPLE WEARING PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND E...
The thermal properties of clothing
A SIMPLE CLOTHING MODEL
THE TWOPARAMETER MODEL
DETERMINATION OF THE THERMAL PROPERTIES OF CLOTHING
CLOTHING SPECIFICATION AND THE WINDOW OF APPLICATION
PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO COLD
PSYCHOLOGICAL RESPONSE TO COLD
COLD STRESS INDICES
CASE STUDY OF COLD WORK IN A HOSPITAL PLATING AREA
Interference with activities performance and productivity
FACTORY OUTPUT AND ACCIDENTS
PERFORMANCE MODELS AND INDICES
A RATIONAL PERFORMANCE MODEL
Human skin contact with hot moderate and cold surfaces
SKIN CONTACT WITH A HOT SURFACE ANALYSIS OF THE EVENT
MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF HEAT TRANSFER
SURFACES OF MODERATE TEMPERATURE
STANDARDS UNDER DEVELOPMENT
STANDARDS IN THE USA
STANDARDS IN THE UK
EUROPEAN STANDARDS CEN
EXAMPLE OF THE APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL ISO STANDARDS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF A HOT ENVIRONMENT
EXAMPLE OF THE APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL ISO STANDARDS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF MODERATE ENVIRONMENTS
EXAMPLE OF THE APPLICATION OF INTERNATIONAL ISO STANDARDS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF COLD ENVIRONMENTS
Thermal models and computer aided design
DO MODELS WORK?
Fundamentals of heat transfer
Other editions - View all
Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold ...
Limited preview - 2002
acclimatization activity adaptive air temperature air velocity ASHRAE assessment behaviour body temperature calculated cent Chapter climate clothing insulation cold environments considered contact temperature convection core temperature dehydration determined discomfort effective temperature effects environmental ergonomics etal evaporation example exposure factors Fanger Figure Gagge heart rate heat balance equation heat loss heat stress heat transfer heat transfer coefficient hot environments human body human response human skin human thermal environments humidity hypothalamus hypothermia increase involving IREQ laboratory limits manikin mean radiant temperature mean skin temperature measure metabolic heat production metabolic rate method neutral performance person physiological practical predicted psychological rectal temperature sensor six basic parameters standard Stolwijk studies subjects surface area sweat rate Table task thermal comfort thermal conditions thermal insulation thermal manikins thermal models thermal sensation thermometer thermoreceptors thermoregulation vasoconstriction vasodilation ventilation water vapour WBGT whole-body wind chill workers