One of the most challenging problems facing contemporary archaeology concerns the operation and diversity of ancient states. This volume addresses how ancient states were structured and how they operated, an understanding of which is key to our ability to interpret a state's rise or fall. Archaic States presents new comparative studies of early states in the Old and New Worlds and identifies important avenues for research and discussion in the decades ahead. Among the themes addressed are the scale, size, and organization of ancient states; state typologies and corporate political economy; the ground plans of buildings in archaic states; strategies of state expansion; the incorporation of autonomous polities in the state and their subsequent governance; evidence of order, legitimacy, and wealth; warfare and status rivalry; and the political and social complexity of states. With essays on the Near East, India and Pakistan, Egypt, Mesoamerica, and the Andes.
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administrative Amorite ancient archaeological archaeologists archaic architecture behavior Blanton buildings Calakmul centers central chiefdoms city-states Claessen clusters cognitive code collapse communication complex conflict conquest contrast Copan decentralization discussed Dynasty Early Dynastic economic egalitarian Egypt Egyptian Ejutla elaborate evidence evolutionary example excavations exclusionary Feinman functions groups Harappan civilization hierarchy high culture ideology important Indus Inka inner elite institutions integration Joyce Marcus king Kingdom kingship Knossos Kowalewski Lagash larger Late Uruk major Marcus and Flannery Mature Harappan Maya Lowlands Mesoamerica Mesopotamia Mexico Middle Uruk military Mohenjo-daro Monte Alban monumental organization palace pattern phase Polynesian population Postclassic production provinces redrawn region ritual role rulers seals settlement Skalnik social society sociocultural status-rivalry strategies structure suggest Susa Susiana temple Teotihuacan territorial texts Tier Tikal tion ture urban Uruk period Valley of Oaxaca warfare warriors Wright Yoffee Zapotec